Determination of Levoglucosan in PM10 and biomass close burning residue samples using Anthrone-sulfuric acid colorimetric method

Fuzi Mohamed Fartas, Mohamed Rozali Othman, Faraj Ali Rajeb, Mohd Talib Latif

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The study was carried out to determine the correlation of levoglucosan from burning residues and atmospheric particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter smaller than 10 μm (PM10) in order to determine the possible sources of atmospheric levoglucosan in the environment. The anthrone-sulfuric acid colorimetric method was used throughout. PM10 samples was collected from three sampling stations in Malaysia (Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia UKM, Bangi, Sempang Empat SE, Penang and Bandar Baru Nilai, BBN, Negeri Sembilan) using High Volume Air Sampler (HVAS), while burning residue samples were obtained by burning of selected plants parts (biomass, pine, oak, grasses and sugar cane) in furnace. Results obtained indicated that the concentration of levoglucosan in PM10 was clearly higher at SE (0.41±0.02 μgm-3), BBN (0.34±0.10 μgm-3) than UKM (0.24±0.10 μgm-3), while in the residue samples were in pine (3.03±0.33 mg/g), followed by grasses (2.186±0.2609 mg/g), sugar cane (1.93±0.70 mg/g), biomass (1.78±0.98 mg/g) and oak (1.30±0.24 mg/g). The result also indicates that the softwoods produced more levoglucosan than the hardwoods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1663-1667
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Applied Sciences Research
Volume5
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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biomass burning
sulfuric acid
sugar cane
grass
biomass
sampler
aerodynamics
particulate matter
sampling
air
method
oak

Keywords

  • Anthrone-sulphuric acid colorimetric method
  • Biomass burning
  • Levoglucosan
  • PM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

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title = "Determination of Levoglucosan in PM10 and biomass close burning residue samples using Anthrone-sulfuric acid colorimetric method",
abstract = "The study was carried out to determine the correlation of levoglucosan from burning residues and atmospheric particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter smaller than 10 μm (PM10) in order to determine the possible sources of atmospheric levoglucosan in the environment. The anthrone-sulfuric acid colorimetric method was used throughout. PM10 samples was collected from three sampling stations in Malaysia (Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia UKM, Bangi, Sempang Empat SE, Penang and Bandar Baru Nilai, BBN, Negeri Sembilan) using High Volume Air Sampler (HVAS), while burning residue samples were obtained by burning of selected plants parts (biomass, pine, oak, grasses and sugar cane) in furnace. Results obtained indicated that the concentration of levoglucosan in PM10 was clearly higher at SE (0.41±0.02 μgm-3), BBN (0.34±0.10 μgm-3) than UKM (0.24±0.10 μgm-3), while in the residue samples were in pine (3.03±0.33 mg/g), followed by grasses (2.186±0.2609 mg/g), sugar cane (1.93±0.70 mg/g), biomass (1.78±0.98 mg/g) and oak (1.30±0.24 mg/g). The result also indicates that the softwoods produced more levoglucosan than the hardwoods.",
keywords = "Anthrone-sulphuric acid colorimetric method, Biomass burning, Levoglucosan, PM",
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AU - Othman, Mohamed Rozali

AU - Rajeb, Faraj Ali

AU - Latif, Mohd Talib

PY - 2009

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N2 - The study was carried out to determine the correlation of levoglucosan from burning residues and atmospheric particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter smaller than 10 μm (PM10) in order to determine the possible sources of atmospheric levoglucosan in the environment. The anthrone-sulfuric acid colorimetric method was used throughout. PM10 samples was collected from three sampling stations in Malaysia (Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia UKM, Bangi, Sempang Empat SE, Penang and Bandar Baru Nilai, BBN, Negeri Sembilan) using High Volume Air Sampler (HVAS), while burning residue samples were obtained by burning of selected plants parts (biomass, pine, oak, grasses and sugar cane) in furnace. Results obtained indicated that the concentration of levoglucosan in PM10 was clearly higher at SE (0.41±0.02 μgm-3), BBN (0.34±0.10 μgm-3) than UKM (0.24±0.10 μgm-3), while in the residue samples were in pine (3.03±0.33 mg/g), followed by grasses (2.186±0.2609 mg/g), sugar cane (1.93±0.70 mg/g), biomass (1.78±0.98 mg/g) and oak (1.30±0.24 mg/g). The result also indicates that the softwoods produced more levoglucosan than the hardwoods.

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