Determination of bio-methanol as intermediate product of anaerobic co-digestion of animal and agriculture wastes

M. Anitha, Siti Kartom Kamarudin, N. S. Shamsul, Noorhisham Tan Kofli

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Many researchers have reported on the end products of the anaerobic digestion process as biogas and methane but the useful intermediate products in the anaerobic digester effluent, such as bio-methanol have typically been ignored. Bio-methanol is an auspicious substitute for fossil fuels with a variety of fuel applications and advantages with regard to the environment, the economy, and consumers. Thus the main objective of this study is to investigate the intermediate product of anaerobic co-digestion of animal and agriculture wastes. The wastes are characterized based on proximate and ultimate analyses. This study was conducted in a room-temperature, lab-scale reactor with a fixed retention time. Methanol was analyzed using high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC). It was observed that, banana peel (61.51 wt. %) and boiled rice (81.25 wt. %) substrates with cow dung inoculum have the greatest potential for bio-methanol production via anaerobic co-digestion. This study proofs that the methanol exists as intermediate product of anaerobic co-digestion. Finally, this study concludes that by enhancing the production of methanol at intermediate phase can reduce the production of methane gas.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication20th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, WHEC 2014
PublisherCommittee of WHEC2014
Pages238-245
Number of pages8
Volume1
ISBN (Print)9780000000002
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event20th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, WHEC 2014 - Gwangju
Duration: 15 Jun 201420 Jun 2014

Other

Other20th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, WHEC 2014
CityGwangju
Period15/6/1420/6/14

Fingerprint

Agriculture
Animals
Methanol
Methane
High pressure liquid chromatography
Anaerobic digestion
Biogas
Fossil fuels
Effluents
Substrates
Gases
Temperature

Keywords

  • Agriculture waste
  • Anaerobic digestion
  • Animal waste
  • Intermediate product
  • Methanol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology

Cite this

Anitha, M., Kamarudin, S. K., Shamsul, N. S., & Tan Kofli, N. (2014). Determination of bio-methanol as intermediate product of anaerobic co-digestion of animal and agriculture wastes. In 20th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, WHEC 2014 (Vol. 1, pp. 238-245). Committee of WHEC2014.

Determination of bio-methanol as intermediate product of anaerobic co-digestion of animal and agriculture wastes. / Anitha, M.; Kamarudin, Siti Kartom; Shamsul, N. S.; Tan Kofli, Noorhisham.

20th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, WHEC 2014. Vol. 1 Committee of WHEC2014, 2014. p. 238-245.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Anitha, M, Kamarudin, SK, Shamsul, NS & Tan Kofli, N 2014, Determination of bio-methanol as intermediate product of anaerobic co-digestion of animal and agriculture wastes. in 20th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, WHEC 2014. vol. 1, Committee of WHEC2014, pp. 238-245, 20th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, WHEC 2014, Gwangju, 15/6/14.
Anitha M, Kamarudin SK, Shamsul NS, Tan Kofli N. Determination of bio-methanol as intermediate product of anaerobic co-digestion of animal and agriculture wastes. In 20th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, WHEC 2014. Vol. 1. Committee of WHEC2014. 2014. p. 238-245
Anitha, M. ; Kamarudin, Siti Kartom ; Shamsul, N. S. ; Tan Kofli, Noorhisham. / Determination of bio-methanol as intermediate product of anaerobic co-digestion of animal and agriculture wastes. 20th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, WHEC 2014. Vol. 1 Committee of WHEC2014, 2014. pp. 238-245
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