Determination and Assessment of the Toxic Heavy Metal Elements Abstracted from the Traditional Plant Cosmetics and Medical Remedies: Case Study of Libya

Aiman M. Bobaker, Intisar Alakili, Sukiman Sarmani, Nadhir Al-Ansari, Zaher Mundher Yaseen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Henna and walnut tree bark are widely used by Libyan women as cosmetics. They may contain lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd) and arsenic (As), which, in turn, pose a high risk to their health. This study aims to determine the levels of Pb, Cd and As in henna and walnut tree bark products sold in Libyan markets. The products were analyzed for their Pb, Cd and As content by using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) after a microwave acid digestion. The results showed a significant difference between the henna and walnut tree bark samples in terms of their heavy metals content (p < 0.05). The highest heavy metal concentrations were observed in the walnut tree bark samples whereas the lowest was observed in the henna samples. In addition, 60% of the henna and 90% of the walnut tree bark samples contained Pb levels and approximately 80% of the henna and 90% the walnut tree bark samples contained Cd levels, which are much higher than the tolerance limit. However, As concentrations in all the samples were lower. The results indicated that such cosmetics expose consumers to high levels of Pb and Cd and hence, to potential health risks. Thus, studying the sources and effects of heavy metals in such cosmetics is strongly recommended.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume16
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jun 2019

Fingerprint

Plant Bark
Libya
Juglans
Poisons
Heavy Metals
Cosmetics
Cadmium
Arsenic
Health
Microwaves
Digestion
Mass Spectrometry
Acids

Keywords

  • henna
  • ICP-MS
  • Libya
  • toxic heavy metals
  • traditional plant cosmetics
  • walnut tree bark

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Determination and Assessment of the Toxic Heavy Metal Elements Abstracted from the Traditional Plant Cosmetics and Medical Remedies : Case Study of Libya. / Bobaker, Aiman M.; Alakili, Intisar; Sarmani, Sukiman; Al-Ansari, Nadhir; Yaseen, Zaher Mundher.

In: International journal of environmental research and public health, Vol. 16, No. 11, 02.06.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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