Determinants of caregivers' awareness of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening in Malaysia

Abdul Halim Abdul Majid, Mohd Normani Zakaria, Nor Azimah Chew Abdullah, Sulaiman Hamzah, Siti Zamratol Mai Sarah Mukari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective This paper aims to investigate the effects of perceived attitude and anxiety on awareness of UNHS among caregivers in Malaysia. Methods Using cross sectional research approach, data were collected and some 46 out of 87 questionnaires distributed to caregivers attending UNHS programs at selected public hospitals were usable for analysis (response rate of 52.8%). Partial Least Squares Method (PLS) algorithm and bootstrapping technique were employed to test the hypotheses of the study. Results R square value is 0.205, and it implies that exogenous latent variables explained 21% of the variance of the endogenous latent variable. This value indicates moderate and acceptable level of R-squared values. Findings from PLS structural model evaluation revealed that anxiety has no significant influence (β = −0.091, t = 0.753, p > 0.10) on caregivers' awareness; but perceived attitude has significant effect (β = −0.444, t = 3.434, p < 0.01) on caregivers' awareness. Conclusion Caregivers' awareness of UNHS is influenced by their perceived attitude while anxiety is not associated with caregivers' awareness. This implies that caregivers may not believe in early detection of hearing impairment in children, thinking that their babies are too young to be tested for hearing loss. Moreover, socio-economic situation of the caregivers may have contributed to their failure to honor UNHS screening appointments as some of them may need to work to earn a living while some may perceive it a waste of time honoring such appointments. Non-significant relationship between anxiety and caregivers' awareness may be due to religious beliefs of caregivers. Limitations and suggestions were discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-111
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Volume101
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Caregivers
Hearing
Newborn Infant
Anxiety
Least-Squares Analysis
Hearing Loss
Appointments and Schedules
Public Hospitals
Structural Models
Religion
Economics

Keywords

  • Caregivers' awareness
  • Determinants
  • Malaysia
  • Universal Newborn Hearing Screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

Determinants of caregivers' awareness of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening in Malaysia. / Abdul Majid, Abdul Halim; Zakaria, Mohd Normani; Abdullah, Nor Azimah Chew; Hamzah, Sulaiman; Mukari, Siti Zamratol Mai Sarah.

In: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, Vol. 101, 01.10.2017, p. 107-111.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abdul Majid, Abdul Halim ; Zakaria, Mohd Normani ; Abdullah, Nor Azimah Chew ; Hamzah, Sulaiman ; Mukari, Siti Zamratol Mai Sarah. / Determinants of caregivers' awareness of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening in Malaysia. In: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology. 2017 ; Vol. 101. pp. 107-111.
@article{781da385f4934d30962b2ef261afe139,
title = "Determinants of caregivers' awareness of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening in Malaysia",
abstract = "Objective This paper aims to investigate the effects of perceived attitude and anxiety on awareness of UNHS among caregivers in Malaysia. Methods Using cross sectional research approach, data were collected and some 46 out of 87 questionnaires distributed to caregivers attending UNHS programs at selected public hospitals were usable for analysis (response rate of 52.8{\%}). Partial Least Squares Method (PLS) algorithm and bootstrapping technique were employed to test the hypotheses of the study. Results R square value is 0.205, and it implies that exogenous latent variables explained 21{\%} of the variance of the endogenous latent variable. This value indicates moderate and acceptable level of R-squared values. Findings from PLS structural model evaluation revealed that anxiety has no significant influence (β = −0.091, t = 0.753, p > 0.10) on caregivers' awareness; but perceived attitude has significant effect (β = −0.444, t = 3.434, p < 0.01) on caregivers' awareness. Conclusion Caregivers' awareness of UNHS is influenced by their perceived attitude while anxiety is not associated with caregivers' awareness. This implies that caregivers may not believe in early detection of hearing impairment in children, thinking that their babies are too young to be tested for hearing loss. Moreover, socio-economic situation of the caregivers may have contributed to their failure to honor UNHS screening appointments as some of them may need to work to earn a living while some may perceive it a waste of time honoring such appointments. Non-significant relationship between anxiety and caregivers' awareness may be due to religious beliefs of caregivers. Limitations and suggestions were discussed.",
keywords = "Caregivers' awareness, Determinants, Malaysia, Universal Newborn Hearing Screening",
author = "{Abdul Majid}, {Abdul Halim} and Zakaria, {Mohd Normani} and Abdullah, {Nor Azimah Chew} and Sulaiman Hamzah and Mukari, {Siti Zamratol Mai Sarah}",
year = "2017",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijporl.2017.07.036",
language = "English",
volume = "101",
pages = "107--111",
journal = "International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology",
issn = "0165-5876",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Determinants of caregivers' awareness of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening in Malaysia

AU - Abdul Majid, Abdul Halim

AU - Zakaria, Mohd Normani

AU - Abdullah, Nor Azimah Chew

AU - Hamzah, Sulaiman

AU - Mukari, Siti Zamratol Mai Sarah

PY - 2017/10/1

Y1 - 2017/10/1

N2 - Objective This paper aims to investigate the effects of perceived attitude and anxiety on awareness of UNHS among caregivers in Malaysia. Methods Using cross sectional research approach, data were collected and some 46 out of 87 questionnaires distributed to caregivers attending UNHS programs at selected public hospitals were usable for analysis (response rate of 52.8%). Partial Least Squares Method (PLS) algorithm and bootstrapping technique were employed to test the hypotheses of the study. Results R square value is 0.205, and it implies that exogenous latent variables explained 21% of the variance of the endogenous latent variable. This value indicates moderate and acceptable level of R-squared values. Findings from PLS structural model evaluation revealed that anxiety has no significant influence (β = −0.091, t = 0.753, p > 0.10) on caregivers' awareness; but perceived attitude has significant effect (β = −0.444, t = 3.434, p < 0.01) on caregivers' awareness. Conclusion Caregivers' awareness of UNHS is influenced by their perceived attitude while anxiety is not associated with caregivers' awareness. This implies that caregivers may not believe in early detection of hearing impairment in children, thinking that their babies are too young to be tested for hearing loss. Moreover, socio-economic situation of the caregivers may have contributed to their failure to honor UNHS screening appointments as some of them may need to work to earn a living while some may perceive it a waste of time honoring such appointments. Non-significant relationship between anxiety and caregivers' awareness may be due to religious beliefs of caregivers. Limitations and suggestions were discussed.

AB - Objective This paper aims to investigate the effects of perceived attitude and anxiety on awareness of UNHS among caregivers in Malaysia. Methods Using cross sectional research approach, data were collected and some 46 out of 87 questionnaires distributed to caregivers attending UNHS programs at selected public hospitals were usable for analysis (response rate of 52.8%). Partial Least Squares Method (PLS) algorithm and bootstrapping technique were employed to test the hypotheses of the study. Results R square value is 0.205, and it implies that exogenous latent variables explained 21% of the variance of the endogenous latent variable. This value indicates moderate and acceptable level of R-squared values. Findings from PLS structural model evaluation revealed that anxiety has no significant influence (β = −0.091, t = 0.753, p > 0.10) on caregivers' awareness; but perceived attitude has significant effect (β = −0.444, t = 3.434, p < 0.01) on caregivers' awareness. Conclusion Caregivers' awareness of UNHS is influenced by their perceived attitude while anxiety is not associated with caregivers' awareness. This implies that caregivers may not believe in early detection of hearing impairment in children, thinking that their babies are too young to be tested for hearing loss. Moreover, socio-economic situation of the caregivers may have contributed to their failure to honor UNHS screening appointments as some of them may need to work to earn a living while some may perceive it a waste of time honoring such appointments. Non-significant relationship between anxiety and caregivers' awareness may be due to religious beliefs of caregivers. Limitations and suggestions were discussed.

KW - Caregivers' awareness

KW - Determinants

KW - Malaysia

KW - Universal Newborn Hearing Screening

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85026779963&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85026779963&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijporl.2017.07.036

DO - 10.1016/j.ijporl.2017.07.036

M3 - Article

C2 - 28964278

AN - SCOPUS:85026779963

VL - 101

SP - 107

EP - 111

JO - International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

JF - International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

SN - 0165-5876

ER -