Designing ultra low voltage low power active analog blocks for filter applications utilizing the body terminal of MOSFET: A review

Mohammad Faseehuddin, Jahariah Sampe, Md. Shabiul Islam

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The propelling demand for ultra-low voltage low power electronics has provided the much needed impetus to the research and design of analog building blocks working below 1 V supply. Numerous techniques are being adopted by the researchers to achieve ultra-low voltage low power operation and each vying to become the universal design choice. This study presents a survey of the two techniques namely the bulk driven technique and dynamic threshold technique that utilize the body terminal of the MOSFET to achieve the aforementioned objectives. A brief review of the principles of the two techniques, including a technical analysis of their applicability and limitations is presented. An inspection of extensively researched analogue active building blocks the operational transconductance amplifier and current conveyor designed using the body techniques is done. Various performance parameters like the supply voltage requirement, power dissipation, frequency response and dynamic range are discussed. The spectrum of applications that can be realised by these active blocks are also highlighted. In this study, operational transconductance amplifier and current conveyor active blocks will be designed utilizing the body techniques for tunable filter applications. The designed blocks are expected to work in between 0.4-0.8 V power supply dissipating 10 nW to 100 μW of power. The expected frequency response is in the range of 100-500 kHz for low frequency applications and frequency response in the range of 4-200 MHz for high frequency applications. The designed blocks will be suitable for integration with biomedical devices and communication systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-121
Number of pages16
JournalAsian Journal of Scientific Research
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint

Frequency response
Operational amplifiers
Electric potential
Low power electronics
Energy dissipation
Communication systems
Inspection

Keywords

  • Bulk driven
  • Current conveyor
  • Current mode
  • Dynamic threshold
  • Operational transconductance amplifier
  • Ultra-low voltage low power

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Designing ultra low voltage low power active analog blocks for filter applications utilizing the body terminal of MOSFET : A review. / Faseehuddin, Mohammad; Sampe, Jahariah; Islam, Md. Shabiul.

In: Asian Journal of Scientific Research, Vol. 9, No. 3, 2016, p. 106-121.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

@article{e11a23414eca49e9bf9564e9bee8e092,
title = "Designing ultra low voltage low power active analog blocks for filter applications utilizing the body terminal of MOSFET: A review",
abstract = "The propelling demand for ultra-low voltage low power electronics has provided the much needed impetus to the research and design of analog building blocks working below 1 V supply. Numerous techniques are being adopted by the researchers to achieve ultra-low voltage low power operation and each vying to become the universal design choice. This study presents a survey of the two techniques namely the bulk driven technique and dynamic threshold technique that utilize the body terminal of the MOSFET to achieve the aforementioned objectives. A brief review of the principles of the two techniques, including a technical analysis of their applicability and limitations is presented. An inspection of extensively researched analogue active building blocks the operational transconductance amplifier and current conveyor designed using the body techniques is done. Various performance parameters like the supply voltage requirement, power dissipation, frequency response and dynamic range are discussed. The spectrum of applications that can be realised by these active blocks are also highlighted. In this study, operational transconductance amplifier and current conveyor active blocks will be designed utilizing the body techniques for tunable filter applications. The designed blocks are expected to work in between 0.4-0.8 V power supply dissipating 10 nW to 100 μW of power. The expected frequency response is in the range of 100-500 kHz for low frequency applications and frequency response in the range of 4-200 MHz for high frequency applications. The designed blocks will be suitable for integration with biomedical devices and communication systems.",
keywords = "Bulk driven, Current conveyor, Current mode, Dynamic threshold, Operational transconductance amplifier, Ultra-low voltage low power",
author = "Mohammad Faseehuddin and Jahariah Sampe and Islam, {Md. Shabiul}",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.3923/ajsr.2016.106.121",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "106--121",
journal = "Asian Journal of Scientific Research",
issn = "1992-1454",
publisher = "Science Alert Journals",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Designing ultra low voltage low power active analog blocks for filter applications utilizing the body terminal of MOSFET

T2 - A review

AU - Faseehuddin, Mohammad

AU - Sampe, Jahariah

AU - Islam, Md. Shabiul

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - The propelling demand for ultra-low voltage low power electronics has provided the much needed impetus to the research and design of analog building blocks working below 1 V supply. Numerous techniques are being adopted by the researchers to achieve ultra-low voltage low power operation and each vying to become the universal design choice. This study presents a survey of the two techniques namely the bulk driven technique and dynamic threshold technique that utilize the body terminal of the MOSFET to achieve the aforementioned objectives. A brief review of the principles of the two techniques, including a technical analysis of their applicability and limitations is presented. An inspection of extensively researched analogue active building blocks the operational transconductance amplifier and current conveyor designed using the body techniques is done. Various performance parameters like the supply voltage requirement, power dissipation, frequency response and dynamic range are discussed. The spectrum of applications that can be realised by these active blocks are also highlighted. In this study, operational transconductance amplifier and current conveyor active blocks will be designed utilizing the body techniques for tunable filter applications. The designed blocks are expected to work in between 0.4-0.8 V power supply dissipating 10 nW to 100 μW of power. The expected frequency response is in the range of 100-500 kHz for low frequency applications and frequency response in the range of 4-200 MHz for high frequency applications. The designed blocks will be suitable for integration with biomedical devices and communication systems.

AB - The propelling demand for ultra-low voltage low power electronics has provided the much needed impetus to the research and design of analog building blocks working below 1 V supply. Numerous techniques are being adopted by the researchers to achieve ultra-low voltage low power operation and each vying to become the universal design choice. This study presents a survey of the two techniques namely the bulk driven technique and dynamic threshold technique that utilize the body terminal of the MOSFET to achieve the aforementioned objectives. A brief review of the principles of the two techniques, including a technical analysis of their applicability and limitations is presented. An inspection of extensively researched analogue active building blocks the operational transconductance amplifier and current conveyor designed using the body techniques is done. Various performance parameters like the supply voltage requirement, power dissipation, frequency response and dynamic range are discussed. The spectrum of applications that can be realised by these active blocks are also highlighted. In this study, operational transconductance amplifier and current conveyor active blocks will be designed utilizing the body techniques for tunable filter applications. The designed blocks are expected to work in between 0.4-0.8 V power supply dissipating 10 nW to 100 μW of power. The expected frequency response is in the range of 100-500 kHz for low frequency applications and frequency response in the range of 4-200 MHz for high frequency applications. The designed blocks will be suitable for integration with biomedical devices and communication systems.

KW - Bulk driven

KW - Current conveyor

KW - Current mode

KW - Dynamic threshold

KW - Operational transconductance amplifier

KW - Ultra-low voltage low power

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84991055166&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84991055166&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3923/ajsr.2016.106.121

DO - 10.3923/ajsr.2016.106.121

M3 - Review article

AN - SCOPUS:84991055166

VL - 9

SP - 106

EP - 121

JO - Asian Journal of Scientific Research

JF - Asian Journal of Scientific Research

SN - 1992-1454

IS - 3

ER -