Design of an exhaust air energy recovery wind turbine generator for energy conservation in commercial buildings

W. T. Chong, S. Y. Yip, Ahmad Fazlizan Abdullah, S. C. Poh, W. P. Hew, E. P. Tan, T. S. Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The exhaust air energy recovery wind turbine generator is an on-site clean energy generator that utilizes the advantages of discharged air which is strong, consistent and predictable. Two vertical axis wind turbines (VAWTs) in cross-wind orientation which are integrated with an enclosure are installed above a cooling tower to harness the discharged wind for electricity generation. It is mounted at a specific distance and position above the cooling tower outlet. The enclosure (consisting of several guide-vanes and diffuser-plates) acts as a wind power-augmentation device to improve the performance of the VAWTs. The guide-vanes are placed in between the discharged air outlet and the wind turbine. They are designed to guide the on-coming wind stream to an optimum flow angle before it interacts with the rotor blades. The diffuser-plates are built extended from the outlet duct of the exhaust air system. They are tilted at an optimum angle to draw more wind and accelerate the discharged air flow. A particular concern related to public safety which may be due to blade failure is minimized since the VAWTs are contained inside the enclosure. The performance of the VAWTs and its effects on the cooling tower's air intake speed and current consumption of the power-driven fan were investigated. A laboratory test was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the energy recovery wind turbine (5-bladed H-rotor with 0.3m diameter) generator on a cooling tower model. The results showed a reduction in the power consumption of the fan motor for cooling tower with energy recovery turbine compared to the normal cooling tower while the intake air speed increased. Meanwhile, the VAWT's performance was improved by a 7% increase in rotational speed and 41% reduction in response time (time needed for the turbine to reach maximum rotational speed) with the integration of the enclosure. This system can be used as a supplementary power for building lighting or fed into electricity grid for energy demand in urban building. The energy output is predictable and consistent, allowing simpler design of the downstream system. The fact that there is an abundance of cooling tower applications and unnatural exhaust air resources globally causes this to have great market potential.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)252-256
Number of pages5
JournalRenewable Energy
Volume67
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cooling towers
Turbogenerators
Wind turbines
Energy conservation
Recovery
Enclosures
Air
Air intakes
Turbomachine blades
Fans
Turbines
Electricity
Rotors
Ducts
Wind power
Electric power utilization
Lighting

Keywords

  • Building integrated wind turbine
  • Decarbonization
  • Energy recovery
  • Exhaust air system
  • Power augmentation
  • Urban wind energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Design of an exhaust air energy recovery wind turbine generator for energy conservation in commercial buildings. / Chong, W. T.; Yip, S. Y.; Abdullah, Ahmad Fazlizan; Poh, S. C.; Hew, W. P.; Tan, E. P.; Lim, T. S.

In: Renewable Energy, Vol. 67, 01.01.2014, p. 252-256.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chong, W. T. ; Yip, S. Y. ; Abdullah, Ahmad Fazlizan ; Poh, S. C. ; Hew, W. P. ; Tan, E. P. ; Lim, T. S. / Design of an exhaust air energy recovery wind turbine generator for energy conservation in commercial buildings. In: Renewable Energy. 2014 ; Vol. 67. pp. 252-256.
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