Design and analysis of single screw extruder for jatropha seeds using finite element method

Ali Nurrakhmad Siregar, Wan Mohd Faizal Wan Mahmod, Jaharah A Ghani, Che Hassan Che Haron, Muhammad Riza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mechanical extraction is commonly used to extract oils from vegetable seeds and a single screw extruder has been successfully reported to separate oil and cake from Jatropha curcas seeds. In this study, a single screw extruder was designed and analyzed using Finite Element Method (FEM) and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). Three different geometrical dimensions of screw extruder were designed and analyzed using FEM and CFD with software ANSYS POLYFLOW to study simulation of the flow and the behavior of Jatropha dough through of a single screw extruder. In a preliminary study, this study focused to simulate the velocity profile and local shear rate indie section with a power law model. The result obtained revealed that three important are as in designing a single screw extruder were gap area (clearance) in the range of 0.5-1.0 mm, chamber area (normal pitch) in the range 17-22 mm and root area.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2098-2105
Number of pages8
JournalResearch Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology
Volume7
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Extruders
Seed
Finite element method
Computational fluid dynamics
Vegetables
Shear deformation
Oils

Keywords

  • Computational fluid dynamic
  • Finite element method
  • Jatropha
  • Single screw extruder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Computer Science(all)

Cite this

Design and analysis of single screw extruder for jatropha seeds using finite element method. / Siregar, Ali Nurrakhmad; Mahmod, Wan Mohd Faizal Wan; A Ghani, Jaharah; Che Haron, Che Hassan; Riza, Muhammad.

In: Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 7, No. 10, 2014, p. 2098-2105.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Riza, Muhammad

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