Deriving freshwater quality criteria for iron, lead, nickel, and zinc for protection of aquatic life in malaysia

M. Shuhaimi-Othman, Y. Nadzifah, R. Nur-Amalina, N. S. Umirah

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    10 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Freshwater quality criteria for iron (Fe), lead (Pb), nickel (Ni), and zinc (Zn) were developed with particular reference to aquatic biota in Malaysia, and based on USEPA's guidelines. Acute toxicity tests were performed on eight different freshwater domestic species in Malaysia which were Macrobrachium lanchesteri (prawn), two fish: Poecilia reticulata and Rasbora sumatrana, Melanoides tuberculata (snail), Stenocypris major (ostracod), Chironomus javanus (midge larvae), Nais elinguis (annelid), and Duttaphrynus melanostictus (tadpole) to determine 96 h LC50 values for Fe, Pb, Ni, and Zn. The final acute value (FAV) for Fe, Pb, Ni, and Zn were 74.5, 17.0, 165, and 304.9 μg L-1, respectively. Using an estimated acute-to-chronic ratio (ACR) of 8.3, the value for final chronic value (FCV) was derived. Based on FAV and FCV, a criterion maximum concentration (CMC) and a criterion continuous concentration (CCC) for Fe, Pb, Ni, and Zn that are 37.2, 8.5, 82.5, and 152.4 μg L-1 and 9.0, 2.0, 19.9, and 36.7 μg L-1, respectively, were derived. The results of this study provide useful data for deriving national or local water quality criteria for Fe, Pb, Ni, and Zn based on aquatic biota in Malaysia. Based on LC50 values, this study indicated that N. elinguis, M. lanchesteri, N. elinguis, and R. sumatrana were the most sensitive to Fe, Pb, Ni, and Zn, respectively.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number861576
    JournalThe Scientific World Journal
    Volume2012
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

    Fingerprint

    Malaysia
    Nickel
    Fresh Water
    Zinc
    nickel
    Iron
    zinc
    iron
    Biota
    Larva
    biota
    domestic species
    Palaemonidae
    Acute Toxicity Tests
    Poecilia
    Chironomidae
    Crustacea
    United States Environmental Protection Agency
    annelid
    Water Quality

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
    • Environmental Science(all)
    • Medicine(all)

    Cite this

    Deriving freshwater quality criteria for iron, lead, nickel, and zinc for protection of aquatic life in malaysia. / Shuhaimi-Othman, M.; Nadzifah, Y.; Nur-Amalina, R.; Umirah, N. S.

    In: The Scientific World Journal, Vol. 2012, 861576, 2012.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Shuhaimi-Othman, M. ; Nadzifah, Y. ; Nur-Amalina, R. ; Umirah, N. S. / Deriving freshwater quality criteria for iron, lead, nickel, and zinc for protection of aquatic life in malaysia. In: The Scientific World Journal. 2012 ; Vol. 2012.
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