Deriving freshwater quality criteria for copper, cadmium, aluminum and manganese for protection of aquatic life in Malaysia

M. Shuhaimi-Othman, Y. Nadzifah, R. Nur-Amalina, N. S. Umirah

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Freshwater quality criteria for copper (Cu), cadmium (Cd), aluminum (Al), and manganese (Mn) were developed with particular reference to aquatic biota in Malaysia, and based on USEPA's guidelines. Acute toxicity tests were performed on eight different freshwater domestic species in Malaysia, which were Macrobrachium lanchesteri (prawn), two fish - Poecilia reticulata and Rasbora sumatrana, Melanoides tuberculata (snail), Stenocypris major (ostracod), Chironomus javanus (midge larvae), Nais elinguis (annelid), and Duttaphrynus melanostictus (tadpole), to determine 96-h LC50 values for Cu, Cd, Al, and Mn. The final acute values (FAVs) for Cu, Cd, Al, and Mn were 2.5, 3.0, 977.8, and 78.3μgL-1, respectively. Using an estimated acute-to-chronic ratio (ACR) of 8.3, the value for final chronic value (FCV) was derived. Based on FAV and FCV, a Criterion Maximum Concentration (CMC) and a criterion Continuous Concentration (CCC) for Cu, Cd, Al, and Mn of 1.3, 1.5, 488.9, and 39.1μgL-1 and 0.3, 0.36, 117.8, and 9.4μgL-1, respectively, were derived. The results of this study provide useful data for deriving national or local water quality criteria for Cu, Cd, Al, and Mn based on aquatic biota in Malaysia. Based on LC50 values, this study indicated that R. sumatrana, M. lanchesteri, C. javanus, and N. elinguis were the most sensitive to Cu, Cd, Al, and Mn, respectively.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2631-2636
    Number of pages6
    JournalChemosphere
    Volume90
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013

    Fingerprint

    Malaysia
    Manganese
    Fresh Water
    Aluminum
    Cadmium
    Copper
    manganese
    cadmium
    aluminum
    copper
    Biota
    Larva
    biota
    domestic species
    Palaemonidae
    Acute Toxicity Tests
    Poecilia
    Chironomidae
    Crustacea
    United States Environmental Protection Agency

    Keywords

    • Freshwater
    • Metal
    • Sensitivity
    • Standard
    • Toxicity

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Environmental Chemistry
    • Chemistry(all)

    Cite this

    Deriving freshwater quality criteria for copper, cadmium, aluminum and manganese for protection of aquatic life in Malaysia. / Shuhaimi-Othman, M.; Nadzifah, Y.; Nur-Amalina, R.; Umirah, N. S.

    In: Chemosphere, Vol. 90, No. 11, 03.2013, p. 2631-2636.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Shuhaimi-Othman, M. ; Nadzifah, Y. ; Nur-Amalina, R. ; Umirah, N. S. / Deriving freshwater quality criteria for copper, cadmium, aluminum and manganese for protection of aquatic life in Malaysia. In: Chemosphere. 2013 ; Vol. 90, No. 11. pp. 2631-2636.
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