Depauperate Avifauna in Tropical Peat Swamp Forests Following Logging and Conversion to Oil Palm Agriculture: Evidence from Mist-netting Data

Ainil Hawa, Badrul Azhar, Marina Mohd Top, Zubaid Akbar Mukhtar Ahmad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Increased demand for oil palms has led to a massive expansion of logging and conversion of peat swamp forests in Southeast Asia. Although palm oil is a primary driver of economic growth, the unsustainable expansion of the oil palm industry has led to the widespread degradation of peat swamp forests. Birds have been studied to determine their responses to landscape changes in the North Selangor Peat Swamp Forest (NSPSF). We captured 1045 birds from 72 species of the NSPSF and 168 individual birds from 13 species in oil palm plantations using mist-netting. Our results show that peat swamp forest supports more bird species than the oil palm areas. Non-metric Multidimensional Scaling revealed that both vegetation types had an influence on bird species composition. SIMPER analysis also showed that the percentage of the assemblage similarity within the oil palm areas was 51.30 %, while it was 31.32 % in the peat swamp. We found that the populations of frugivores, insectivores, and omnivores were significantly higher in the peat swamp forest, whereas there was no significant difference in the granivores between the two sites. To conserve peat swamp forests, stakeholders should implement habitat restoration, maintain landscape connectivity, and retain a forest area network.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalWetlands
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 9 Aug 2016

Fingerprint

swamp forest
Palm oil
avifauna
Peat
Fog
Agriculture
peat
Birds
agriculture
oil
bird
insectivore
habitat restoration
mist
landscape change
oil industry
swamp
vegetation type
Restoration
connectivity

Keywords

  • Avian diversity
  • Feeding guilds
  • Logging
  • Oil palm
  • Peat swamp

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Ecology
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Depauperate Avifauna in Tropical Peat Swamp Forests Following Logging and Conversion to Oil Palm Agriculture : Evidence from Mist-netting Data. / Hawa, Ainil; Azhar, Badrul; Top, Marina Mohd; Mukhtar Ahmad, Zubaid Akbar.

In: Wetlands, 09.08.2016, p. 1-10.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hawa, Ainil ; Azhar, Badrul ; Top, Marina Mohd ; Mukhtar Ahmad, Zubaid Akbar. / Depauperate Avifauna in Tropical Peat Swamp Forests Following Logging and Conversion to Oil Palm Agriculture : Evidence from Mist-netting Data. In: Wetlands. 2016 ; pp. 1-10.
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