Demodicosis among university medical students in Malaysia and the effects of facial cleanser and moisturizer usage

Noor Hayati Mohd Isa, Loh Wai Loong, Gee Hui Fang, Abdul Malek Mohamad, Nurasilah Razali, Nur Izzati Rani, Siti Nor Azreen Abd Manap, Syamsa Rizal Abdullah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Demodicosis is an infestation of the skin with Demodex, an ectoparasite commonly found on the face. A cross-sectional study was conducted to detect the presence of the ectoparasite and the outcome of facial cleanser and moisturizer usage on its infestation. Universal sampling was performed among 390 medical students, age 20-25 years old in the Klang Valley of Malaysia. The biodata of the participants and information on the use of facial cleanser and moisturizer were obtained through questionnaire. Skin samples were obtained using both skin scraping and cellophane tape method and were subsequently examined directly by microscopy. The results show an overall prevalence of 17.2%. Males (21.5%) were affected more often than females (12.8%) (p=0.022). There were no significant differences in the prevalence of the ectoparasite among different ethnic groups, age-groups and the presence of existing facial problems among the subjects. A lower infestation rate (11.45%) was found to be associated with the use of a moisturizer (p=0.033). Both species of ectoparasites that infest man, Demodex folliculorum and D. brevis, were detected in this study either as single or mixed infestations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1375-1380
Number of pages6
JournalSoutheast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
Volume42
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Medical Students
Skin
Cellophane
Ethnic Groups
Microscopy
Age Groups
Cross-Sectional Studies

Keywords

  • Cellophane tape
  • Demodex brevis
  • Demodex folliculorum
  • Demodicosis
  • Moisturizer
  • Skin scraping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Demodicosis among university medical students in Malaysia and the effects of facial cleanser and moisturizer usage. / Isa, Noor Hayati Mohd; Loong, Loh Wai; Fang, Gee Hui; Mohamad, Abdul Malek; Razali, Nurasilah; Rani, Nur Izzati; Abd Manap, Siti Nor Azreen; Abdullah, Syamsa Rizal.

In: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, Vol. 42, No. 6, 2011, p. 1375-1380.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Isa, Noor Hayati Mohd ; Loong, Loh Wai ; Fang, Gee Hui ; Mohamad, Abdul Malek ; Razali, Nurasilah ; Rani, Nur Izzati ; Abd Manap, Siti Nor Azreen ; Abdullah, Syamsa Rizal. / Demodicosis among university medical students in Malaysia and the effects of facial cleanser and moisturizer usage. In: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. 2011 ; Vol. 42, No. 6. pp. 1375-1380.
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