Delikuidasi kata pinjaman arab dalam dialek kelantan

Translated title of the contribution: Deliquidation of arabic loanwords in kelantan dialect

Nor Hazila Binti Mat Lazim, Sharifah Raihan Syed Jaafar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Phonological modifications often apply to foreign phonemes in loanwords. Generally, foreign phonemes are replaced by nearest native phonemes. This is because each language has its own rules of onset, nucleus, coda as well as phonotactic system. Hence, this study aims to investigate the issue of Arabic loanwards in Kelantan dialect by focusing on the most dominant phonological modification, namely deliquidation process. Deliquidation refers to the phonological process of liquid consonant deletion which has sonorant features, namely /l/ and /r/ in the final coda position. This study uses a list of words containing 46 Arabic loanwords. A total of 15 native speakers of Kelantan dialect consisting of six males and nine females aged between 15 and 55 were asked to pronounce the words in the Kelantan dialect. The collected data were transcribed to examine the pattern of Arabic loanwords pronunciation in this dialect. Subsequently, the data were analysed by applying a phonological theory based on constraints hierarchy, namely Optimality theory. The findings show that ALIGN-LIQUID constraint plays a crucial role in explaining the issue of deliquidation where the lateral consonant /l/ and rhotic /r/ in the final position of the Arab loanwords were deleted as in /ħalaːl/ into [halaː] and /faʒr/ into [faʤa]. In the case of Arabic loanwords, the phonological process of deliquidation has dominantly affected the Arabic structure so as to conform to the phonological system of Kelantan dialect.

Original languageMalay
Pages (from-to)236-250
Number of pages15
JournalGEMA Online Journal of Language Studies
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2018

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dialect
Loanwords
language
Phoneme
Phonological Processes
Coda
Consonant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Literature and Literary Theory

Cite this

Delikuidasi kata pinjaman arab dalam dialek kelantan. / Lazim, Nor Hazila Binti Mat; Syed Jaafar, Sharifah Raihan.

In: GEMA Online Journal of Language Studies, Vol. 18, No. 4, 01.11.2018, p. 236-250.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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