Dehydration studies of biomass resources for activated carbon production using bet and XRD techniques

Wan Isahak Wan Nor Roslam, Noraini Hamzah, Nor Asikin Mohd Nordin, Mohamed Wahab Mohamed Hisham, Mohd. Ambar Yarmo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Activated carbon is produced from high cellulose containing biomass such as filter paper (FP), bamboo waste and palm empty fruit bunches (EFB) by dehydrating agent, concentrated sulfuric acid (H2SO4). At room temperature, treatment of H2SO4 is removed all the water molecules in the biomass and leaving only porous carbon without emitting any gaseous by-products. After activation by carbon dioxide (CO2), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) and X-ray Diffractometer (XRD) analysis showed the bamboo activated carbon (BAC) has good properties with higher surface area (862.76 m2/g), micropore area (463.62 m2/g) and some crystalline (graphite) phase formation. Acid treatment of biomass has shown high carbon content for FP (85.30%), bamboo (77.72%) and EFB (76.55%), and yield obtained was 47.85 wt.% (FP), 62.4 wt.% (bamboo) and 55.4 wt.% (EFB) by using dehydration method.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvanced Materials Research
Pages491-495
Number of pages5
Volume620
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
EventInternational Conference on X-Ray and related Technique in Research and Industry, ICXRI 2012 - Pulau Pinang
Duration: 3 Jul 20125 Jul 2012

Publication series

NameAdvanced Materials Research
Volume620
ISSN (Print)10226680

Other

OtherInternational Conference on X-Ray and related Technique in Research and Industry, ICXRI 2012
CityPulau Pinang
Period3/7/125/7/12

Fingerprint

Bamboo
Diffractometers
Dehydration
Activated carbon
Biomass
Fruits
X rays
Carbon
Sulfuric acid
Byproducts
Cellulose
Carbon dioxide
Graphite
Chemical activation
Crystalline materials
Molecules
Acids
Water
Temperature

Keywords

  • Activated carbon
  • BET
  • Biomass
  • Co2 activation
  • Sulfuric acid
  • XRD

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Wan Nor Roslam, W. I., Hamzah, N., Nordin, N. A. M., Hisham, M. W. M., & Yarmo, M. A. (2013). Dehydration studies of biomass resources for activated carbon production using bet and XRD techniques. In Advanced Materials Research (Vol. 620, pp. 491-495). (Advanced Materials Research; Vol. 620). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.620.491

Dehydration studies of biomass resources for activated carbon production using bet and XRD techniques. / Wan Nor Roslam, Wan Isahak; Hamzah, Noraini; Nordin, Nor Asikin Mohd; Hisham, Mohamed Wahab Mohamed; Yarmo, Mohd. Ambar.

Advanced Materials Research. Vol. 620 2013. p. 491-495 (Advanced Materials Research; Vol. 620).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Wan Nor Roslam, WI, Hamzah, N, Nordin, NAM, Hisham, MWM & Yarmo, MA 2013, Dehydration studies of biomass resources for activated carbon production using bet and XRD techniques. in Advanced Materials Research. vol. 620, Advanced Materials Research, vol. 620, pp. 491-495, International Conference on X-Ray and related Technique in Research and Industry, ICXRI 2012, Pulau Pinang, 3/7/12. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.620.491
Wan Nor Roslam WI, Hamzah N, Nordin NAM, Hisham MWM, Yarmo MA. Dehydration studies of biomass resources for activated carbon production using bet and XRD techniques. In Advanced Materials Research. Vol. 620. 2013. p. 491-495. (Advanced Materials Research). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.620.491
Wan Nor Roslam, Wan Isahak ; Hamzah, Noraini ; Nordin, Nor Asikin Mohd ; Hisham, Mohamed Wahab Mohamed ; Yarmo, Mohd. Ambar. / Dehydration studies of biomass resources for activated carbon production using bet and XRD techniques. Advanced Materials Research. Vol. 620 2013. pp. 491-495 (Advanced Materials Research).
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