Darrieus vertical axis wind turbine for power generation I

Assessment of Darrieus VAWT configurations

Willy Tjiu, Tjukup Marnoto, Sohif Mat, Mohd Hafidz Ruslan, Kamaruzzaman Sopian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

67 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper aims to assess the Darrieus vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT) configurations, including the drawbacks of each variation that hindered the development into large scale rotor. A comprehensive timeline is given as a lineage chart. The variations are assessed on the performance, components and operational reliability. In addition, current development and future prospects of Darrieus VAWT are presented. The Darrieus VAWT patented in France in 1925 and in the US in 1931 had two configurations: (i) curved blades and (ii) straight blades configurations. Curved blades configuration (egg-beater or phi-rotor) has evolved from the conventional guy-wires support into fixed-on-tower and cantilevered versions. Straight blades configuration used to have variable-geometry (Musgrove-rotor), variable-pitch (Giromill), Diamond, Delta and V/Y rotor variations. They were stopped due to low economical value, i.e. high specific cost of energy (COE). Musgrove-rotor has evolved into fixed-pitch straight-bladed H-rotor (referred as H-rotor in this paper for simplicity). H-rotor, in turn, has evolved into several variations: Articulating, Tilted and Helical H-rotors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-67
Number of pages18
JournalRenewable Energy
Volume75
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2015

Fingerprint

Wind turbines
Power generation
Rotors
Towers
Turbomachine blades
Diamonds
Wire
Geometry
Costs

Keywords

  • Articulating
  • Darrieus
  • Giromill
  • H rotor
  • Musgrove
  • VAWT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Darrieus vertical axis wind turbine for power generation I : Assessment of Darrieus VAWT configurations. / Tjiu, Willy; Marnoto, Tjukup; Mat, Sohif; Ruslan, Mohd Hafidz; Sopian, Kamaruzzaman.

In: Renewable Energy, Vol. 75, 01.03.2015, p. 50-67.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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