Current status, opportunities, and challenges in fuel cell catalytic application of aerogels

Norazuwana Shaari, Siti Kartom Kamarudin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Aerogel is known as one of today's 10 advanced structures that have earned a special place in industry or research based on its very high porosity, high active surface area, and low density. There are various methods that can be used to produce it as well as make it easily produced in bulk as subtopics in this paper in Section 2.0. At present, aerogels are widely used in catalytic applications, energy storage, photocatalysts, membrane separation, and fuel cells. Aerogel application in fuel cell has been discussed in Section 3.0 which include carbon-based aerogel, graphene-based aerogel, other aerogel based, and non-noble catalyst with aerogel. This article is a reference for researchers to identify the advantages and opportunities available to lower costs and improve the performance of fuel cell systems that rely heavily on cost-rich catalysts such as platinum. Opportunities and challenges in developing aerogel structures in the future are also explained in Section 5.0 in this paper.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2447-2467
Number of pages21
JournalInternational Journal of Energy Research
Volume43
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2019

Fingerprint

Aerogels
Fuel cells
Catalysts
Photocatalysts
Density (specific gravity)
Energy storage
Graphene
Costs
Platinum
Porosity
Membranes
Carbon

Keywords

  • aerogel
  • catalysis
  • fuel cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Current status, opportunities, and challenges in fuel cell catalytic application of aerogels. / Shaari, Norazuwana; Kamarudin, Siti Kartom.

In: International Journal of Energy Research, Vol. 43, No. 7, 10.06.2019, p. 2447-2467.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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