Current knowledge and recent advances in marine dinoflagellate transcriptomic research

Muhamad Afiq Akbar, Asmat Ahmad, Gires Usup, Bunawan Hamidun

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Dinoflagellates are essential components in marine ecosystems, and they possess two dissimilar flagella to facilitate movement. Dinoflagellates are major components of marine food webs and of extreme importance in balancing the ecosystem energy flux in oceans. They have been reported to be the primary cause of harmful algae bloom (HABs) events around the world, causing seafood poisoning and therefore having a direct impact on human health. Interestingly, dinoflagellates in the genus Symbiodinium are major components of coral reef foundations. Knowledge regarding their genes and genome organization is currently limited due to their large genome size and other genetic and cytological characteristics that hinder whole genome sequencing of dinoflagellates. Transcriptomic approaches and genetic analyses have been employed to unravel the physiological and metabolic characteristics of dinoflagellates and their complexity. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge and findings from transcriptomic studies to understand the cell growth, effects on environmental stress, toxin biosynthesis, dynamic of HABs, phylogeny and endosymbiosis of dinoflagellates. With the advancement of high throughput sequencing technologies and lower cost of sequencing, transcriptomic approaches will likely deepen our understanding in other aspects of dinoflagellates' molecular biology such as gene functional analysis, systems biology and development of model organisms.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13
JournalJournal of Marine Science and Engineering
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2018

Fingerprint

dinoflagellate
Genes
Algae
genome
Functional analysis
Aquatic ecosystems
Molecular biology
Reefs
algal bloom
Biosynthesis
Cell growth
alga
Ecosystems
gene
seafood
environmental stress
Throughput
Health
poisoning
energy flux

Keywords

  • Dinoflagellates
  • Harmful algae blooms
  • Next-generation sequencing
  • RNA-seq
  • Transcriptomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this

Current knowledge and recent advances in marine dinoflagellate transcriptomic research. / Akbar, Muhamad Afiq; Ahmad, Asmat; Usup, Gires; Hamidun, Bunawan.

In: Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, Vol. 6, No. 1, 13, 01.02.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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