Culture, Cross-Role Consistency, and Adjustment

Testing Trait and Cultural Psychology Perspectives

A. Timothy Church, Cheryl A. Anderson-Harumi, Alicia M. del Prado, Guy J. Curtis, Junko Tanaka-Matsumi, José L. Valdez Medina, Khairul Anwar @ Johari Mastor, Fiona A. White, Lilia A. Miramontes, Marcia S. Katigbak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Trait and cultural psychology perspectives on cross-role consistency and its relation to adjustment were examined in 2 individualistic cultures, the United States (N = 231) and Australia (N = 195), and 4 collectivistic cultures, Mexico (N = 199), the Philippines (N = 195), Malaysia (N = 217), and Japan (N = 180). Cross-role consistency in trait ratings was evident in all cultures, supporting trait perspectives. Cultural comparisons of mean consistency provided support for cultural psychology perspectives as applied to East Asian cultures (i.e., Japan) but not collectivistic cultures more generally. Some but not all of the hypothesized predictors of consistency were supported across cultures. Cross-role consistency predicted aspects of adjustment in all cultures, but prediction was most reliable in the U.S. sample and weakest in the Japanese sample. Alternative constructs proposed by cultural psychologists-personality coherence, social appraisal, and relationship harmony-predicted adjustment in all cultures but were not, as hypothesized, better predictors of adjustment in collectivistic cultures than in individualistic cultures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)739-755
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume95
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2008

Fingerprint

cultural psychology
Social Adjustment
Psychology
Japan
Philippines
Malaysia
Mexico
Personality
intercultural comparison
psychologist
personality
rating

Keywords

  • adjustment
  • consistency
  • cultural psychology
  • culture
  • trait psychology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Church, A. T., Anderson-Harumi, C. A., del Prado, A. M., Curtis, G. J., Tanaka-Matsumi, J., Valdez Medina, J. L., ... Katigbak, M. S. (2008). Culture, Cross-Role Consistency, and Adjustment: Testing Trait and Cultural Psychology Perspectives. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95(3), 739-755. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.95.3.739

Culture, Cross-Role Consistency, and Adjustment : Testing Trait and Cultural Psychology Perspectives. / Church, A. Timothy; Anderson-Harumi, Cheryl A.; del Prado, Alicia M.; Curtis, Guy J.; Tanaka-Matsumi, Junko; Valdez Medina, José L.; Mastor, Khairul Anwar @ Johari; White, Fiona A.; Miramontes, Lilia A.; Katigbak, Marcia S.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 95, No. 3, 09.2008, p. 739-755.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Church, AT, Anderson-Harumi, CA, del Prado, AM, Curtis, GJ, Tanaka-Matsumi, J, Valdez Medina, JL, Mastor, KAJ, White, FA, Miramontes, LA & Katigbak, MS 2008, 'Culture, Cross-Role Consistency, and Adjustment: Testing Trait and Cultural Psychology Perspectives', Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 95, no. 3, pp. 739-755. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.95.3.739
Church AT, Anderson-Harumi CA, del Prado AM, Curtis GJ, Tanaka-Matsumi J, Valdez Medina JL et al. Culture, Cross-Role Consistency, and Adjustment: Testing Trait and Cultural Psychology Perspectives. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2008 Sep;95(3):739-755. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.95.3.739
Church, A. Timothy ; Anderson-Harumi, Cheryl A. ; del Prado, Alicia M. ; Curtis, Guy J. ; Tanaka-Matsumi, Junko ; Valdez Medina, José L. ; Mastor, Khairul Anwar @ Johari ; White, Fiona A. ; Miramontes, Lilia A. ; Katigbak, Marcia S. / Culture, Cross-Role Consistency, and Adjustment : Testing Trait and Cultural Psychology Perspectives. In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2008 ; Vol. 95, No. 3. pp. 739-755.
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