Cultivating personality development through outdoor education programme: The Malaysia Experience

Mohd. Taib Harun, Norlena Salamuddin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this quasi experimental study is to identify the elements which may influenced personality development among participants in an outdoor education programme. The elements studied were gender, and the module used based on different sequence of outdoor activities conducted. This study also tries to prove that personality changes remain in the participants for a certain length of time. Research sample comprised of 671 students in physical education and, sports education and recreation programmes in Malaysia's higher education institutions and teacher training institutes. The control groups comprised of students whom are not undergoing the two programmes mentioned above. The translated version of the Life Effectiveness Questinnaire were used in this study. Kolb's Cycle of Learning through Experience is the theoretical framework used while the research framework is adapted from Carver's Outdoor Education Framework. Personality development measured are cooperation, leadership ability, self confidence and coping with change. Statistical analysis used is descriptive and inferential statistics. t-test conducted to determine the effect of the treatment given shows a significant difference in all the constructs involved in this study. Cohen's D shows that the treatment contributes greatly to leadership ability (60%) and coping with change (61%). Wilks' Lambda in multiple analysis of variance shows that the outdoor education module used provide a significant difference and high contribution (F=30.78, p<0.05; ή 2= 0.57) to changes in personality development among the participants. Multiple regression were use to determine the effect of two predictors (gender and module) on changes of personality attributes among the participants. The programme module predicts significantly for cooperation (r pmodule= 0.50, p<0.05). Gender predicts significantly for self efficacy (r pgender= 0.52, p<0.05). Non parametric test which is the sign test shows that there is a retention period whereby the changes in personality development remain in the participants for a period of time. All the factors remain unchanged among the participants.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProcedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences
Pages228-234
Number of pages7
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Event1st World Conference on Learning, Teaching and Administration, WCLTA-2010 - Cairo, Egypt
Duration: 29 Oct 201031 Oct 2010

Other

Other1st World Conference on Learning, Teaching and Administration, WCLTA-2010
CountryEgypt
CityCairo
Period29/10/1031/10/10

Fingerprint

Personality Development
personality development
Malaysia
Education
Aptitude
education
experience
Personality
gender
Students
coping
teachers' training institute
Recreation
personality change
Physical Education and Training
Ego
leadership
inferential statistics
Self Efficacy
Research

Keywords

  • Outdoor education
  • Personality development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Cultivating personality development through outdoor education programme : The Malaysia Experience. / Harun, Mohd. Taib; Salamuddin, Norlena.

Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. Vol. 9 2010. p. 228-234.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Harun, MT & Salamuddin, N 2010, Cultivating personality development through outdoor education programme: The Malaysia Experience. in Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. vol. 9, pp. 228-234, 1st World Conference on Learning, Teaching and Administration, WCLTA-2010, Cairo, Egypt, 29/10/10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.12.141
Harun, Mohd. Taib ; Salamuddin, Norlena. / Cultivating personality development through outdoor education programme : The Malaysia Experience. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. Vol. 9 2010. pp. 228-234
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