Critical Current Density and AC Susceptibility of Bi1.6Pb0.4Sr2Ca2Cu3O10 Superconductor with Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 Nanomaterial

Nurul Raihan Mohd Suib, Ilhamsyah Putra Abu Bakar, Noor Baa`Yah Ibrahim, Roslan Abd. Shukor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The juxtaposition of superconductivity and magnetism is an interesting research topic due to the exclusivity nature of both phenomena. In this paper, we report the effect of nanosized (~ 5 nm) nickel zinc ferrite Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 (NZFO) on Bi1.6Pb0.4Sr2Ca2Cu3O10 (Bi-2223) superconductor. Bi-2223 powders were prepared using the co-precipitation method. Samples with starting formula Bi1.6Pb0.4Sr2Ca2Cu3O10(Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4)x for x = 0 to 0.1 wt% have been prepared. The structure, microstructure, electrical resistance, and AC susceptibility were determined. The transport critical current density, Jct, was measured using the 1 μV/cm criterion. The non-added sample sintered for 48 h showed the highest zero resistance temperature, Tc-zero (105 K) and Jct of 1.83 A cm−2 at 40 K. The x = 0.02 wt% sample sintered for 48 h (Tc-zero = 103 K) showed the highest Jct of 5.30 A cm−2 at 40 K. The peak temperature of the imaginary part of the complex susceptibility, Tp, increased with sintering time and nanoparticle addition, indicating full flux penetration occurred at higher temperatures and improved intergrain coupling. NZFO nanoparticle did not suppress the transition temperature but it improved the transport critical current density by more than five times indicating it enhanced flux pinning and connectivity between grains in the Bi-2223 phase.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

Critical current density (superconductivity)
Nanostructured materials
Superconducting materials
critical current
alternating current
current density
magnetic permeability
Nanoparticles
Flux pinning
nanoparticles
Acoustic impedance
flux pinning
Magnetism
Coprecipitation
Superconductivity
electrical resistance
Powders
Temperature
Superconducting transition temperature
Ferrite

Keywords

  • Flux pinning
  • Grain coupling
  • Superparamagnetism
  • Transport current

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

@article{ea159f60c2fd4426a9245aa5a04001b2,
title = "Critical Current Density and AC Susceptibility of Bi1.6Pb0.4Sr2Ca2Cu3O10 Superconductor with Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 Nanomaterial",
abstract = "The juxtaposition of superconductivity and magnetism is an interesting research topic due to the exclusivity nature of both phenomena. In this paper, we report the effect of nanosized (~ 5 nm) nickel zinc ferrite Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 (NZFO) on Bi1.6Pb0.4Sr2Ca2Cu3O10 (Bi-2223) superconductor. Bi-2223 powders were prepared using the co-precipitation method. Samples with starting formula Bi1.6Pb0.4Sr2Ca2Cu3O10(Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4)x for x = 0 to 0.1 wt{\%} have been prepared. The structure, microstructure, electrical resistance, and AC susceptibility were determined. The transport critical current density, Jct, was measured using the 1 μV/cm criterion. The non-added sample sintered for 48 h showed the highest zero resistance temperature, Tc-zero (105 K) and Jct of 1.83 A cm−2 at 40 K. The x = 0.02 wt{\%} sample sintered for 48 h (Tc-zero = 103 K) showed the highest Jct of 5.30 A cm−2 at 40 K. The peak temperature of the imaginary part of the complex susceptibility, Tp, increased with sintering time and nanoparticle addition, indicating full flux penetration occurred at higher temperatures and improved intergrain coupling. NZFO nanoparticle did not suppress the transition temperature but it improved the transport critical current density by more than five times indicating it enhanced flux pinning and connectivity between grains in the Bi-2223 phase.",
keywords = "Flux pinning, Grain coupling, Superparamagnetism, Transport current",
author = "{Mohd Suib}, {Nurul Raihan} and {Abu Bakar}, {Ilhamsyah Putra} and Ibrahim, {Noor Baa`Yah} and {Abd. Shukor}, Roslan",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10948-018-4911-5",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism",
issn = "1557-1939",
publisher = "Springer New York",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Critical Current Density and AC Susceptibility of Bi1.6Pb0.4Sr2Ca2Cu3O10 Superconductor with Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 Nanomaterial

AU - Mohd Suib, Nurul Raihan

AU - Abu Bakar, Ilhamsyah Putra

AU - Ibrahim, Noor Baa`Yah

AU - Abd. Shukor, Roslan

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - The juxtaposition of superconductivity and magnetism is an interesting research topic due to the exclusivity nature of both phenomena. In this paper, we report the effect of nanosized (~ 5 nm) nickel zinc ferrite Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 (NZFO) on Bi1.6Pb0.4Sr2Ca2Cu3O10 (Bi-2223) superconductor. Bi-2223 powders were prepared using the co-precipitation method. Samples with starting formula Bi1.6Pb0.4Sr2Ca2Cu3O10(Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4)x for x = 0 to 0.1 wt% have been prepared. The structure, microstructure, electrical resistance, and AC susceptibility were determined. The transport critical current density, Jct, was measured using the 1 μV/cm criterion. The non-added sample sintered for 48 h showed the highest zero resistance temperature, Tc-zero (105 K) and Jct of 1.83 A cm−2 at 40 K. The x = 0.02 wt% sample sintered for 48 h (Tc-zero = 103 K) showed the highest Jct of 5.30 A cm−2 at 40 K. The peak temperature of the imaginary part of the complex susceptibility, Tp, increased with sintering time and nanoparticle addition, indicating full flux penetration occurred at higher temperatures and improved intergrain coupling. NZFO nanoparticle did not suppress the transition temperature but it improved the transport critical current density by more than five times indicating it enhanced flux pinning and connectivity between grains in the Bi-2223 phase.

AB - The juxtaposition of superconductivity and magnetism is an interesting research topic due to the exclusivity nature of both phenomena. In this paper, we report the effect of nanosized (~ 5 nm) nickel zinc ferrite Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 (NZFO) on Bi1.6Pb0.4Sr2Ca2Cu3O10 (Bi-2223) superconductor. Bi-2223 powders were prepared using the co-precipitation method. Samples with starting formula Bi1.6Pb0.4Sr2Ca2Cu3O10(Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4)x for x = 0 to 0.1 wt% have been prepared. The structure, microstructure, electrical resistance, and AC susceptibility were determined. The transport critical current density, Jct, was measured using the 1 μV/cm criterion. The non-added sample sintered for 48 h showed the highest zero resistance temperature, Tc-zero (105 K) and Jct of 1.83 A cm−2 at 40 K. The x = 0.02 wt% sample sintered for 48 h (Tc-zero = 103 K) showed the highest Jct of 5.30 A cm−2 at 40 K. The peak temperature of the imaginary part of the complex susceptibility, Tp, increased with sintering time and nanoparticle addition, indicating full flux penetration occurred at higher temperatures and improved intergrain coupling. NZFO nanoparticle did not suppress the transition temperature but it improved the transport critical current density by more than five times indicating it enhanced flux pinning and connectivity between grains in the Bi-2223 phase.

KW - Flux pinning

KW - Grain coupling

KW - Superparamagnetism

KW - Transport current

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85055998878&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85055998878&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10948-018-4911-5

DO - 10.1007/s10948-018-4911-5

M3 - Article

JO - Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism

JF - Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism

SN - 1557-1939

ER -