Cost analysis of facial injury treatment in two university hospitals in Malaysia: A prospective study

Saperi Sulong, Roszalina Ramli, Zafar Ahmed, Amrizal Muhd Nur, Mohd Ismail Ibrahim, Muhd Fazlynizam Rashdi, Rifqah Nordin, Normastura Abd Rahman, Azizah Yusoff, Mohd Nazimi Abd Jabar, Roselinda Abdul Rahman, Noorhayati Abdul Razak, Norlen Mohamed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Facial injury (FI) may occur in isolation or in association with injuries to otherparts of the body (facial and other injury [FOI]). The objective of this study was to determine the direct treatment costs incurred during the management of facial trauma. Materials and methods: A prospective cohort study on treatment cost for FIs and FOIs dueto road-traffic crashes in two university hospitals in Malaysia was conducted from July 2010 to June 2011. The patients were recruited from emergency departments and reviewed after 6 months from the date of initial treatment. Direct cost analysis, comparison of cost and length of hospital stay, and Injury Severity Score (ISS) were performed. Results: A total of 190 patients were enrolled in the study, of whom 83 (43.7%) had FI only, and 107 (56.3%) had FOI. The mean ISS was 5.4. The mean length of stay and costs for patients with FI only were 5.8 days with a total cost of US$1,261.96, whereas patients with FOI were admitted for 7.8 days with a total cost of US$1,716.47. Costs doubled if the treatment was performed under general anesthesia compared to local anesthesia. Conclusion: Treatment of FI and FOI imposes a financial burden on the health care system in Malaysia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-113
Number of pages7
JournalClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Feb 2017

Fingerprint

Facial Injuries
Malaysia
Prospective Studies
Costs and Cost Analysis
Health Care Costs
Length of Stay
Injury Severity Score
Therapeutics
Cost analysis
Prospective study
Wounds and Injuries
Local Anesthesia
General Anesthesia
Hospital Emergency Service
Cohort Studies
Costs
Delivery of Health Care

Keywords

  • Cost analysis
  • Facial injury
  • Malaysia
  • Road traffic crashes
  • University hospitals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
  • Health Policy

Cite this

Cost analysis of facial injury treatment in two university hospitals in Malaysia : A prospective study. / Sulong, Saperi; Ramli, Roszalina; Ahmed, Zafar; Nur, Amrizal Muhd; Ibrahim, Mohd Ismail; Rashdi, Muhd Fazlynizam; Nordin, Rifqah; Rahman, Normastura Abd; Yusoff, Azizah; Abd Jabar, Mohd Nazimi; Rahman, Roselinda Abdul; Razak, Noorhayati Abdul; Mohamed, Norlen.

In: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research, Vol. 9, 07.02.2017, p. 107-113.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sulong, Saperi ; Ramli, Roszalina ; Ahmed, Zafar ; Nur, Amrizal Muhd ; Ibrahim, Mohd Ismail ; Rashdi, Muhd Fazlynizam ; Nordin, Rifqah ; Rahman, Normastura Abd ; Yusoff, Azizah ; Abd Jabar, Mohd Nazimi ; Rahman, Roselinda Abdul ; Razak, Noorhayati Abdul ; Mohamed, Norlen. / Cost analysis of facial injury treatment in two university hospitals in Malaysia : A prospective study. In: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research. 2017 ; Vol. 9. pp. 107-113.
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