Copper-phthalocyanine and nickel nanoparticles as novel cathode catalysts in microbial fuel cells

Mostafa Ghasemi, Wan Ramli Wan Daud, Mostafa Rahimnejad, Majid Rezayi, Amin Fatemi, Yaghoob Jafari, Mahendra Rao Somalu, Alireza Manzour

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

74 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, four different catalysts (i.e., carbon black, nickel nanoparticle (Ni)/C, Phthalocyanine/C and copper-phthalocyanine/C), were tested in a two-chamber Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) and their performances were compared with Pt as the common cathode catalyst in MFC. The characterization of catalysts was done by TEM, XPS and EDX and their electrochemical characteristics were compared by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and Linear Sweep Voltammetry (LSV). The results proved that copper phthalocyanine and nickel nanoparticles are potential alternatives catalyst for Pt. Even copper-phthalocyanine generated power is almost the same as Pt. The CV and LSV results reported high electrochemical activity of these catalysts. The maximum power density and coulombic efficiency was achieved by copper-phthalocyanine/C as 118.2 mW/m2 and 29.3%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9533-9540
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume38
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jul 2013

Fingerprint

Microbial fuel cells
fuel cells
Cathodes
cathodes
Nickel
nickel
Nanoparticles
Copper
catalysts
copper
nanoparticles
Catalysts
Voltammetry
Cyclic voltammetry
Carbon black
radiant flux density
Energy dispersive spectroscopy
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
chambers
Transmission electron microscopy

Keywords

  • Catalyst
  • Cathode
  • Copper phthalocyanine
  • Microbial fuel cell (MFC)
  • Nickel nanoparticles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Copper-phthalocyanine and nickel nanoparticles as novel cathode catalysts in microbial fuel cells. / Ghasemi, Mostafa; Wan Daud, Wan Ramli; Rahimnejad, Mostafa; Rezayi, Majid; Fatemi, Amin; Jafari, Yaghoob; Somalu, Mahendra Rao; Manzour, Alireza.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 38, No. 22, 26.07.2013, p. 9533-9540.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ghasemi, Mostafa ; Wan Daud, Wan Ramli ; Rahimnejad, Mostafa ; Rezayi, Majid ; Fatemi, Amin ; Jafari, Yaghoob ; Somalu, Mahendra Rao ; Manzour, Alireza. / Copper-phthalocyanine and nickel nanoparticles as novel cathode catalysts in microbial fuel cells. In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 2013 ; Vol. 38, No. 22. pp. 9533-9540.
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