Contribution of technical efficiency change and technical change to total factor productivity growth in electrical and electronics industry in Malaysia

Rahmah Ismail, Syahida Zainal Abidin, Mohd. Shukri Noor

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Abstract

The electrical and electronics (E&E) industry contributes more than 60% of Malaysian manufacturing exports. The emergence of trade liberalization through Asian Free Trade Association (AFTA), North American Free Trade Association (NAFTA) and European Unions (Eq) creates stiffer trade competition amongst the E&E industry in the region and to be at the competitive edge, this industry must increase its efficiency. In this regards, total factor productivity (TFP) growth becomes relevant. An increase in TFP growth through technical efficiency change (TEC) will reduce cost ofproduction and make the industry more competitive because it can produce higher output using same level of inputs. There are two components of TFP growth, namely, technical efficiency change (TEC) and technical change (TC). The impact of TFP growth on output growth will be more meaningful if contribution of TEC supersedes contribution of TC because TEC will not incur additional cost of production. This paper attempts to analyze TFP growth in the E&E industry at five digits of Malaysian Standard Industrial Classification (MSIC). Fifteen types of industries are covered in the analysis. The analysis will be based on the Manufacturing Survey data between 1995 and 2003 collected by the Department of Statistics Malaysia. The method of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) is utilized to get TEC and TC. The results from this study show that, contribution of TC is higher than that of TEC in all sub industries under study. Nevertheless, trend analysis shows that during 1998 - 2000 period TEC is higher than TC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-181
Number of pages21
JournalJurnal Ekonomi Malaysia
Volume41
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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Technical efficiency
Total factor productivity growth
Malaysia
Technical change
Efficiency change
Industry
Electronics industry
Free trade
Trade associations
Manufacturing
Trend analysis
Trade liberalization
Survey data
European Union
Costs
Statistics
Data envelopment analysis
Cost of production
Output growth
Asia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)

Cite this

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