Contribution of Muslim scholars to astronomy in the medieval century of Andalusia

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Abstract

The development of astronomy in Andalusia is interesting to study. In its gloomy days Andalusia under Umayyad rule was faced by opposition for tools of knowledge considered as foreign (Dakhil) which could lead to disbelief. The emergence of caliphs who understood issues in philosophy, mathematics, medicine and astronomy brought a new ray of hope for the development of astronomy among Andalusian scholars. More interestingly, some of the caliphs themselves were scholars in these fields. This article is a cursory survey of the twists and turns experienced by Andalusian scholars and their contribution in advancing astronomy whether theoretically or through observation of the universe. As is already known, observation of the universe is the essence of education and research in astronomy to this day. This research fully uses historical reference to obtain complete historical data on the development of astronomy in Andalusia. It finds that the Andalusian Muslim caliphs and scholars were greatly devoted to knowledge even though there sometimes occured political instability in the country and even lack of funds. This goes to show that astronomy already had a special place in the hearts of Islamic leaders and scholars since the medieval century.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1366-1369
Number of pages4
JournalAdvances in Natural and Applied Sciences
Volume6
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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Astronomy
Muslims
Islam
education
medicine
heart
Observation
Mathematics
Financial Management
Research
Medicine
Education

Keywords

  • Andalusia
  • Astronomy
  • Medieval century
  • Muslim scholars

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

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