2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Debates on gender differences revolve around the mutual influence of culture and material realm. How people construct their lives in economic spheres matters in consolidating or reducing gender bias. The agriculture sector is still considered the main economic sector participated by the Bidayuh women. Bidayuh women's participation in both the service and manufacturing sector is still at the minimum level. The purpose of this article is to understand the trends and the underlying reasons for the differences in employment participation of Bidayuh men and women in a rural area in Sarawak, Malaysia. As it appears, the differences are constructed by the world view or more accurately from the local understanding of the Bidayuh community. Insights were gathered through in-depth interviews with fifty respondents. In addition, opportunity was also taken when it arises to participate in seminars and informal group discussions. This study adopted an interpretivist ontology and an abductive research strategy. The social actors were asked to reveal the concepts that they use in talking about the differences between Bidayuh men's and women's employment participation. The abductive research strategy was employed with the task of discovering the concepts and meanings, interpretations, the motives and intentions, which people use in their everyday lives, and which shape their behaviour. In other words, it is vital to immerse into the everyday social world in order to grasp these socially constructed meanings and describe the activities and meanings people use in their everyday live. Analysis shows that there are three reasons for the differences between Bidayuh men and women in employment participation. The three reasons are traditional gender division of labour, employer's bias, and lack of education, skills and training. In order to protect Bidayuh women against gender based disadvantages in the context of economic participation, it is important to review development policy to make it more gender sensitive.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4103-4112
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Applied Sciences Research
Volume8
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

participation
gender
economics
trend
informal group
women's employment
economic sector
manufacturing sector
social actor
tertiary sector
division of labor
ontology
group discussion
development policy
everyday life
Malaysia
gender-specific factors
employer
rural area
agriculture

Keywords

  • Abductive research strategy
  • Bidayuh community
  • Participation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

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title = "Constructs of economic participation of rural native men and women",
abstract = "Debates on gender differences revolve around the mutual influence of culture and material realm. How people construct their lives in economic spheres matters in consolidating or reducing gender bias. The agriculture sector is still considered the main economic sector participated by the Bidayuh women. Bidayuh women's participation in both the service and manufacturing sector is still at the minimum level. The purpose of this article is to understand the trends and the underlying reasons for the differences in employment participation of Bidayuh men and women in a rural area in Sarawak, Malaysia. As it appears, the differences are constructed by the world view or more accurately from the local understanding of the Bidayuh community. Insights were gathered through in-depth interviews with fifty respondents. In addition, opportunity was also taken when it arises to participate in seminars and informal group discussions. This study adopted an interpretivist ontology and an abductive research strategy. The social actors were asked to reveal the concepts that they use in talking about the differences between Bidayuh men's and women's employment participation. The abductive research strategy was employed with the task of discovering the concepts and meanings, interpretations, the motives and intentions, which people use in their everyday lives, and which shape their behaviour. In other words, it is vital to immerse into the everyday social world in order to grasp these socially constructed meanings and describe the activities and meanings people use in their everyday live. Analysis shows that there are three reasons for the differences between Bidayuh men and women in employment participation. The three reasons are traditional gender division of labour, employer's bias, and lack of education, skills and training. In order to protect Bidayuh women against gender based disadvantages in the context of economic participation, it is important to review development policy to make it more gender sensitive.",
keywords = "Abductive research strategy, Bidayuh community, Participation",
author = "Novel Lyndon and Er, {Ah Choy} and {V. Selvadurai}, Sivapalan and {Mat Jali}, {Mohd. Fuad} and {Awang Besar}, Junaidi and {Che Rose}, {Rosniza Aznie} and {Abd. Rahim}, {Mohd. Helmi}",
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AU - Er, Ah Choy

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AU - Mat Jali, Mohd. Fuad

AU - Awang Besar, Junaidi

AU - Che Rose, Rosniza Aznie

AU - Abd. Rahim, Mohd. Helmi

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