Constituents of the essential oils of Cinnamomum sintoc Blume from a mountain forest of peninsular Malaysia

Ibrahim Jantan, Mira Febrina Yalvema, Norsiha Ayop, Abu Said Ahmad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The leaf, twig, bark and wood oils of Cinnamomum sintoc Blume from a mountain forest of peninsular Malaysia were analysed by GC and GC-MS. Safrole (23.4%) and γ-muurolene (13.5%) were the major components of the leaf oil. Other compounds present in appreciable amounts in the oil were eugenol, linalool, terpinen-4-ol, α-cadinol, germacrene D, α-terpineol and δ-cadinene. The most abundant component of the bark oil was linalool (23.8%). Sesquiterpenes accounted for 25.2% of the oil with α-copaene, allo-aromadendrene, γ-muurolene and cubenol present in appreciable amounts. The bark oil was also rich in aldehydes where tetradecanal (16.4%) was the major representative. The wood oil was similar to the bark oil in the content of aldehydes but the concentration of each component was different. The oil also contained appreciable amount of acids (27.9%), represented by octadecanoic acid, pentadecanoic acid, hexadecanoic acid and tetradecanoic acid. The twig oil could be a natural source of linalool as it constituted 52.9% of the oil. Other major components of the oil were methyl (Z)-cinnamate and its E-isomer, which were both present at 6.0% concentration. The chemical composition of the oils in the present study was markedly different from those previously reported on C. sintoc collected from two different locations, suggesting the existence of intraspecific chemical races within the species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)601-604
Number of pages4
JournalFlavour and Fragrance Journal
Volume20
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2005

Fingerprint

Cinnamomum
Malaysia
Volatile Oils
montane forests
Oils
essential oils
oils
bark
wood oils
linalool
aldehydes
acids
safrole
terpineol
Aldehydes
cinnamates
Forests
germacrene
leaf oils
eugenol

Keywords

  • Cinnamomum sintoc Bl.
  • Essential oil composition
  • Lauraceae
  • Linalool
  • Methyl cinnamate
  • Safrole
  • Tetradecanal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Constituents of the essential oils of Cinnamomum sintoc Blume from a mountain forest of peninsular Malaysia. / Jantan, Ibrahim; Yalvema, Mira Febrina; Ayop, Norsiha; Ahmad, Abu Said.

In: Flavour and Fragrance Journal, Vol. 20, No. 6, 11.2005, p. 601-604.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jantan, Ibrahim ; Yalvema, Mira Febrina ; Ayop, Norsiha ; Ahmad, Abu Said. / Constituents of the essential oils of Cinnamomum sintoc Blume from a mountain forest of peninsular Malaysia. In: Flavour and Fragrance Journal. 2005 ; Vol. 20, No. 6. pp. 601-604.
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