Consistency and validity of psychopathological measure among drug addicts in developing culture

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Abstract

Understanding the psychopathological symptoms among drug addicts is an important step for treatment and rehabilitation of drug addiction. Consequently, the measurement of psychopathological symptoms requires a valid and reliable instrument to be used. This study aimed to examine the consistency and validity of the Symptoms Check List-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) in measuring psychopathological symptoms. The SCL-90-R is a self-report inventory that has 90 items with nine dimensions namely, somatization, obsessive-compulsive, interpersonal- sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility, phobia, paranoia, and psychoticism. The sample consisted of 599 respondents from six drug rehabilitation centers. Results showed that the instrument has good reliability and validity indicating that it is suitable and can be used to measure psychopathological symptoms among drug addicts. The results of this study provide insight into the validity of psychopathological symptoms experienced by drug addicts which has to be taken into consideration in designing an effective treatment program. Programs that can increase the drug addicts' motivation to change must be specifically tailored to address the seriousness of clinical problems in drug addiction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-107
Number of pages9
JournalPertanika Journal of Social Science and Humanities
Volume19
Issue numberSPEC. ISSUE
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011

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addiction
drug
drug dependence
rehabilitation center
phobia
rehabilitation
Drugs
anxiety

Keywords

  • Psychometric
  • Psychopathology
  • Reliability
  • Validity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Understanding the psychopathological symptoms among drug addicts is an important step for treatment and rehabilitation of drug addiction. Consequently, the measurement of psychopathological symptoms requires a valid and reliable instrument to be used. This study aimed to examine the consistency and validity of the Symptoms Check List-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) in measuring psychopathological symptoms. The SCL-90-R is a self-report inventory that has 90 items with nine dimensions namely, somatization, obsessive-compulsive, interpersonal- sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility, phobia, paranoia, and psychoticism. The sample consisted of 599 respondents from six drug rehabilitation centers. Results showed that the instrument has good reliability and validity indicating that it is suitable and can be used to measure psychopathological symptoms among drug addicts. The results of this study provide insight into the validity of psychopathological symptoms experienced by drug addicts which has to be taken into consideration in designing an effective treatment program. Programs that can increase the drug addicts' motivation to change must be specifically tailored to address the seriousness of clinical problems in drug addiction.",
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AU - Arilin, Z.

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