Conceptual approaches to improving water quality of rivers in cameron highlands, Malaysia

M. Eisakhani, A. Pauzi, Othman A. Karim, A. Malakahmad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Water quality of rivers in Cameron Highlands has deteriorated significantly mainly due to input from non-point pollution sources such as land clearing for agriculture, excessive usage of pesticides and fertilisers, construction activities and urbanisation. It is caused by the mismanagement and lack of policy enforcement. Unlike point-source discharges, non-point source discharges are relatively complex systems to measure and control. As a result, the current regulatory methods, such as water-quality standards and allowable-discharge permits that are commonly practised as a gauge to measure and manage point-source pollution are found to be inadequate techniques and generally impracticable for controlling non-point source pollution. Therefore, this study has suggested conceptual non-structural Best Management Practice (BMP) to improving water quality of rivers in Cameron Highlands. Greater emphasis has been given to agricultural activities as the main contributor to water-quality reduction in the area. Authorities' and public communication as well as awareness via community education were recommended as the most influential approaches followed by the implementation of good agricultural practices, performance of sustainable land management practices and the enhancement of controls on development approval, site planning and construction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-219
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Sustainability Science and Management
Volume7
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

Water quality
Malaysia
Rivers
river
water quality
water
Pollution
nonpoint source pollution
point source pollution
public communications
best management practice
Fertilizers
Pesticides
agricultural practice
management
land management
Agriculture
Gages
point source
urbanization

Keywords

  • Good agricultural practices
  • Sustainable land management practices
  • Water quality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Pollution
  • Geography, Planning and Development

Cite this

Conceptual approaches to improving water quality of rivers in cameron highlands, Malaysia. / Eisakhani, M.; Pauzi, A.; A. Karim, Othman; Malakahmad, A.

In: Journal of Sustainability Science and Management, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2012, p. 213-219.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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