Concentration of trace elements on branded cigarette in Malaysia

Muhammad Azfar Azman, Muhamad Samudi Yasir, Irman Abdul Rahman, Suhaimi Hamzah, Shamsiah Abdul Rahman, Md Suhaimi Elias, Nazaratul Ashifa Abdullah, Azian Hashim, Shakirah Abd Shukor

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Tobacco is a plant that is used as a recreational drug since the beginning of its use by the Native Americans. Now with the development of the tobacco industry, smoking has become a norm for the public in Malaysia. Trace elements in plants are mostly due to the uptake processes from the soils into the roots of the plants. The concentration of the elements may also be influenced by the elements contained in the water and also fertilizers. This paper aim to analyze the concentration of the trace elements contained in the branded cigarettes sold in Malaysia by utilizing the neutron activation analysis. The tobaccos were taken out from the cigarettes. The collected samples were air dried and passed through 2 mm sieve. Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) has been used for the determination of trace elements. Samples were activated in the Nuclear Malaysia Triga Mark II reactor with a neutron flux of 2.0 x 1012 n cm-2 s-1. The samples then were analyzed using ORTEC Gamma Spectrometer a co-axial n-type HPGe detector with resolution of 2.0 keV at 1332 keV and relative efficiency of 20%. The data obtained could help in assessing the concentration of the trace elements that complying with the standard limitation dose proposed by World Health Organization (WHO).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvancing Nuclear Science and Engineering for Sustainable Nuclear Energy Infrastructure: Proceeding of the International Nuclear Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2015, iNuSTEC 2015
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Volume1704
ISBN (Electronic)9780735413511
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes
Event6th International Nuclear Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2015, iNuSTEC 2015 - Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia
Duration: 17 Aug 201519 Aug 2015

Other

Other6th International Nuclear Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2015, iNuSTEC 2015
CountryMalaysia
CityNilai, Negeri Sembilan
Period17/8/1519/8/15

Fingerprint

Malaysia
trace elements
tobacco
neutron activation analysis
fertilizers
sieves
flux (rate)
norms
health
soils
drugs
industries
reactors
spectrometers
dosage
air
detectors
water

Keywords

  • Gamma Spectrometer
  • Neutron Activation Analysis
  • NORM
  • Tobacco
  • Trace Element

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Azman, M. A., Yasir, M. S., Abdul Rahman, I., Hamzah, S., Rahman, S. A., Elias, M. S., ... Shukor, S. A. (2016). Concentration of trace elements on branded cigarette in Malaysia. In Advancing Nuclear Science and Engineering for Sustainable Nuclear Energy Infrastructure: Proceeding of the International Nuclear Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2015, iNuSTEC 2015 (Vol. 1704). [040007] American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4940093

Concentration of trace elements on branded cigarette in Malaysia. / Azman, Muhammad Azfar; Yasir, Muhamad Samudi; Abdul Rahman, Irman; Hamzah, Suhaimi; Rahman, Shamsiah Abdul; Elias, Md Suhaimi; Abdullah, Nazaratul Ashifa; Hashim, Azian; Shukor, Shakirah Abd.

Advancing Nuclear Science and Engineering for Sustainable Nuclear Energy Infrastructure: Proceeding of the International Nuclear Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2015, iNuSTEC 2015. Vol. 1704 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2016. 040007.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Azman, MA, Yasir, MS, Abdul Rahman, I, Hamzah, S, Rahman, SA, Elias, MS, Abdullah, NA, Hashim, A & Shukor, SA 2016, Concentration of trace elements on branded cigarette in Malaysia. in Advancing Nuclear Science and Engineering for Sustainable Nuclear Energy Infrastructure: Proceeding of the International Nuclear Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2015, iNuSTEC 2015. vol. 1704, 040007, American Institute of Physics Inc., 6th International Nuclear Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2015, iNuSTEC 2015, Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia, 17/8/15. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4940093
Azman MA, Yasir MS, Abdul Rahman I, Hamzah S, Rahman SA, Elias MS et al. Concentration of trace elements on branded cigarette in Malaysia. In Advancing Nuclear Science and Engineering for Sustainable Nuclear Energy Infrastructure: Proceeding of the International Nuclear Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2015, iNuSTEC 2015. Vol. 1704. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2016. 040007 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4940093
Azman, Muhammad Azfar ; Yasir, Muhamad Samudi ; Abdul Rahman, Irman ; Hamzah, Suhaimi ; Rahman, Shamsiah Abdul ; Elias, Md Suhaimi ; Abdullah, Nazaratul Ashifa ; Hashim, Azian ; Shukor, Shakirah Abd. / Concentration of trace elements on branded cigarette in Malaysia. Advancing Nuclear Science and Engineering for Sustainable Nuclear Energy Infrastructure: Proceeding of the International Nuclear Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2015, iNuSTEC 2015. Vol. 1704 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2016.
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