Concentration of heavy metals in guava plant parts and soil in the Sungai Wangi Plantation, Perak, Malaysia

Khairiah Jusoh, Y. Ding-Woei, Habibah Jamil, Ahmad Mahir Razali, Aminah Abdullah, Ismail Sahid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the level of heavy metals in the soil and in the plant parts (fruits, leaves and roots) of two cultivars of guava. The study was carried out at the Sungai Wangi Plantation in Sitiawan, Perak, Malaysia. Heavy metals in the soil were extracted using the sequential extraction method. Heavy metals in the soil and plants were determined using atomic absorption spectrometry. In general, it was found that the concentration of heavy metals in the soil was low and no Cu was detected in any fraction of the soil. Ni was detected in the RR fraction of all the four blocks studied and ranged from 2.71 to 4.52 mg kg-1. Cd was detected in all fractions of the four blocks except in the AR fraction of block 3. The concentration of Pb was considerably low in the soil of this plantation. Pb was not detected in the AR fraction of the four blocks. Mn was detected in all fractions. In the guava plants, Pb and Cu were not detected in all parts of the plants except that Cu (0.01 mg kg-1) was detected in the seeds from block 1. Of the heavy metals, only Fe was found in all plant parts from the four blocks. Similarly Zn was also found in all plant parts except those plants sampled from block 2. In conclusion, it can be stated that the concentration of heavy metals in both soil and guava plants from the Sungai Wangi Plantation at Sitiawan, Perak was considerably low.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)310-316
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Agricultural Research
Volume4
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Fingerprint

guavas
Malaysia
plant anatomy
heavy metals
plantation
plantations
heavy metal
soil
soil separates
atomic absorption spectrometry
extraction method
spectrometry
cultivar
fruits
fruit
cultivars
seeds
seed
leaves

Keywords

  • Guava plant part
  • Heavy metals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science
  • Soil Science

Cite this

Concentration of heavy metals in guava plant parts and soil in the Sungai Wangi Plantation, Perak, Malaysia. / Jusoh, Khairiah; Ding-Woei, Y.; Jamil, Habibah; Razali, Ahmad Mahir; Abdullah, Aminah; Sahid, Ismail.

In: International Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol. 4, No. 10, 2009, p. 310-316.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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