Compression test and energy absorption of polyurethane/multi walled carbon nanotubes foam composites

A. A. Sinar, Z. Firuz, M. A. Nur Azni, A. Z. Nur Hidayah, M. A. Hazizan, Sahrim Ahmad

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper describes the effect of multi walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) on the properties, especially the strength properties of rigid polyurethane (PU) foams produced from palm oil based polyol (POP) and methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI). The foam composites in the ratio of 1:1.1 (wt. %) mixed at speed 2000 rpm. The addition of MWCNTs into PU foam are varies from 0 wt. % to 3 wt. %. The properties evaluated were compressive strength, density and energy absorption. Compressive strength of PU foam composites with 0.5% of MWCNTs showed the highest value 1.162 MPa of compressive strength compared to other foam composites. It was proved by modeling displacement nodal magnitude using NX Software (version 8.5). The density was increased 15.69% with addition of 0.5% MWCNTs into the PU foam. Increasing the amount of MWCNTs in PU foam was found to improve the energy absorption from 22.89 J for pure PU to 24.53 J for foam composites with 3% MWCNTs.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMaterials Science Forum
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Pages246-250
Number of pages5
Volume819
ISBN (Print)9783038354734
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventInternational Conference on Functional Materials and Metallurgy, ICoFM 2014 - Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
Duration: 17 Sep 201418 Sep 2014

Publication series

NameMaterials Science Forum
Volume819
ISSN (Print)02555476

Other

OtherInternational Conference on Functional Materials and Metallurgy, ICoFM 2014
CountryMalaysia
CityPulau Pinang
Period17/9/1418/9/14

Fingerprint

Carbon Nanotubes
Polyurethanes
compression tests
polyurethane foam
energy absorption
Energy absorption
foams
Foams
Carbon nanotubes
carbon nanotubes
composite materials
compressive strength
Composite materials
Compressive strength
diisocyanates
methylene
Palm oil
Polyols
oils
computer programs

Keywords

  • Compression test
  • Density
  • Energy absorption
  • Multi walled carbon nanotubes
  • Polyurethane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

Sinar, A. A., Firuz, Z., Nur Azni, M. A., Nur Hidayah, A. Z., Hazizan, M. A., & Ahmad, S. (2015). Compression test and energy absorption of polyurethane/multi walled carbon nanotubes foam composites. In Materials Science Forum (Vol. 819, pp. 246-250). (Materials Science Forum; Vol. 819). Trans Tech Publications Ltd. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.819.246

Compression test and energy absorption of polyurethane/multi walled carbon nanotubes foam composites. / Sinar, A. A.; Firuz, Z.; Nur Azni, M. A.; Nur Hidayah, A. Z.; Hazizan, M. A.; Ahmad, Sahrim.

Materials Science Forum. Vol. 819 Trans Tech Publications Ltd, 2015. p. 246-250 (Materials Science Forum; Vol. 819).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Sinar, AA, Firuz, Z, Nur Azni, MA, Nur Hidayah, AZ, Hazizan, MA & Ahmad, S 2015, Compression test and energy absorption of polyurethane/multi walled carbon nanotubes foam composites. in Materials Science Forum. vol. 819, Materials Science Forum, vol. 819, Trans Tech Publications Ltd, pp. 246-250, International Conference on Functional Materials and Metallurgy, ICoFM 2014, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia, 17/9/14. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.819.246
Sinar AA, Firuz Z, Nur Azni MA, Nur Hidayah AZ, Hazizan MA, Ahmad S. Compression test and energy absorption of polyurethane/multi walled carbon nanotubes foam composites. In Materials Science Forum. Vol. 819. Trans Tech Publications Ltd. 2015. p. 246-250. (Materials Science Forum). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.819.246
Sinar, A. A. ; Firuz, Z. ; Nur Azni, M. A. ; Nur Hidayah, A. Z. ; Hazizan, M. A. ; Ahmad, Sahrim. / Compression test and energy absorption of polyurethane/multi walled carbon nanotubes foam composites. Materials Science Forum. Vol. 819 Trans Tech Publications Ltd, 2015. pp. 246-250 (Materials Science Forum).
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