Composite polymer electrolytes based on MG49 and cellulose from kenaf as reinforcing filler

S. Jafirin, Ishak Ahmad, Azizan Ahmad, S. Y. Zainuddin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The aim of this project is to explore the possibility of using celluose from biomass such as kenaf in solid polymer electrolyte in order to increase the mechanical performances at the same time maintaining its ionic conductivity. Lithium-conducting composite polymer electrolytes based 49% poly (methyl methacrylate) grafted natural rubber (MG49) were prepared from cellulose which was extracted from kenaf fiber and lithium triflate salt by solution casting. Prior to that kenaf fibers undergo several treatments (alkali, bleaching) in order to yield the white cellulose. White cellulose then treat with silane to decrease hydrophilic nature of CF which was then used as reinforcing filler in the composites polymer electrolytes. High performance composite electrolytes based on cellulose were prepared with various composition of filler (0-10 wt %). Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) were used for morphology studies of kenaf fiber for each stage of treatments. The films were analyzed by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Ionic conductivity measurement showed that the addition of various wt% of cellulose give a weak decrease of conductivity with respect to unfilled polymer electrolytes. The effect of different cellulose content of composite polymer electrolytes on mechanical properties was evaluated through tensile modulus test. Result showed that the composite electrolytes with 4 wt% cellulose exhibited high mechanical performance.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication8th Asian-Australasian Conference on Composite Materials 2012, ACCM 2012 - Composites: Enabling Tomorrow's Industry Today
Pages702-707
Number of pages6
Volume1
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Event8th Asian-Australasian Conference on Composite Materials 2012 - Composites: Enabling Tomorrow's Industry Today, ACCM 2012 - Kuala Lumpur
Duration: 6 Nov 20128 Nov 2012

Other

Other8th Asian-Australasian Conference on Composite Materials 2012 - Composites: Enabling Tomorrow's Industry Today, ACCM 2012
CityKuala Lumpur
Period6/11/128/11/12

Fingerprint

Cellulose
Electrolytes
Fillers
Polymers
Kenaf fibers
Composite materials
Ionic conductivity
Lithium
Silanes
Rubber
Alkalies
Polymethyl Methacrylate
Bleaching
Polymethyl methacrylates
Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
Field emission
Casting
Biomass
Salts
Elastic moduli

Keywords

  • Cellulose
  • Composite polymer electrolytes
  • Ionic conductivity
  • Kenaf
  • Mechanical properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites

Cite this

Jafirin, S., Ahmad, I., Ahmad, A., & Zainuddin, S. Y. (2012). Composite polymer electrolytes based on MG49 and cellulose from kenaf as reinforcing filler. In 8th Asian-Australasian Conference on Composite Materials 2012, ACCM 2012 - Composites: Enabling Tomorrow's Industry Today (Vol. 1, pp. 702-707)

Composite polymer electrolytes based on MG49 and cellulose from kenaf as reinforcing filler. / Jafirin, S.; Ahmad, Ishak; Ahmad, Azizan; Zainuddin, S. Y.

8th Asian-Australasian Conference on Composite Materials 2012, ACCM 2012 - Composites: Enabling Tomorrow's Industry Today. Vol. 1 2012. p. 702-707.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Jafirin, S, Ahmad, I, Ahmad, A & Zainuddin, SY 2012, Composite polymer electrolytes based on MG49 and cellulose from kenaf as reinforcing filler. in 8th Asian-Australasian Conference on Composite Materials 2012, ACCM 2012 - Composites: Enabling Tomorrow's Industry Today. vol. 1, pp. 702-707, 8th Asian-Australasian Conference on Composite Materials 2012 - Composites: Enabling Tomorrow's Industry Today, ACCM 2012, Kuala Lumpur, 6/11/12.
Jafirin S, Ahmad I, Ahmad A, Zainuddin SY. Composite polymer electrolytes based on MG49 and cellulose from kenaf as reinforcing filler. In 8th Asian-Australasian Conference on Composite Materials 2012, ACCM 2012 - Composites: Enabling Tomorrow's Industry Today. Vol. 1. 2012. p. 702-707
Jafirin, S. ; Ahmad, Ishak ; Ahmad, Azizan ; Zainuddin, S. Y. / Composite polymer electrolytes based on MG49 and cellulose from kenaf as reinforcing filler. 8th Asian-Australasian Conference on Composite Materials 2012, ACCM 2012 - Composites: Enabling Tomorrow's Industry Today. Vol. 1 2012. pp. 702-707
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