Complications of parenteral nutrition in neonates

E. M A Mahmood Waffa, Farida Hanim Islahudin, Ahmad Fuad Shamsuddin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Parenteral nutrition allows preterm neonate’s nutritional requirement for growth and development to be met. This retrospective study was conducted to assess weight gain and complications of parenteral nutrition in low birth weight (LBW) neonates, very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates and extremely low birth weight (ELBW) neonates.A total of 82 patients received parenteral nutrition. Patients received parenteral nutrition at mean age of 4.63 ± 3.87 days. There were no significant difference in the weight gain between three different birth weight group (ELBW, VLBW and LBW) (p>0.05). There was a significant association between birth weight group and complications related to parenteral nutrition (p=0.00009). ELBW neonates had a higher percentage of parenteral nutrition complication (93.3%) compared to VLBW (85%) and LBW (33.3%). Complications observed were mostly electrolyte disturbances across all three groups. Findings from this study were able to provide information regarding parenteral nutrition in promoting weight gain and risks of complications in preterm neonates between ELBW, VLBW and LBW. Closer monitoring of effectiveness and safety of parenteral nutrition must be performed to ensure that complications can be reduced in the clinical setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)779-782
Number of pages4
JournalResearch Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Volume7
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Parenteral Nutrition
Low Birth Weight Infant
Newborn Infant
Very Low Birth Weight Infant
Weight Gain
Birth Weight
Nutritional Requirements
Growth and Development
Electrolytes
Retrospective Studies
Safety

Keywords

  • Complications
  • Low-birth-weight
  • Neonates
  • Nutrition
  • Parenteral

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Complications of parenteral nutrition in neonates. / Waffa, E. M A Mahmood; Islahudin, Farida Hanim; Shamsuddin, Ahmad Fuad.

In: Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology, Vol. 7, No. 7, 2014, p. 779-782.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Waffa, E. M A Mahmood ; Islahudin, Farida Hanim ; Shamsuddin, Ahmad Fuad. / Complications of parenteral nutrition in neonates. In: Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2014 ; Vol. 7, No. 7. pp. 779-782.
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