Compatibilization of HDPE/agar biocomposites with eutectic-based ionic liquid containing surfactant

A. A. Shamsuri, Rusli Daik, E. S. Zainudin, P. M. Tahir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this research, eutectic-based ionic liquid specifically choline chloride/glycerol was prepared at a 1:2 mole ratio. The choline chloride/glycerol was added with the different content of surfactant (hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide). The choline chloride/glycerol- hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide was introduced into high-density polyethylene/agar biocomposites through melt mixing. The mechanical testing results indicated that the impact strength and tensile extension of the biocomposites increased with the introduction of the choline chloride/glycerol-hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide. The scanning electron microscope, differential scanning calorimetry and thermal gravimetric analysis results exhibited that significant decrease in the number of agar fillers pull-out, melting point and thermal decomposition temperatures of the biocomposites are also due to the choline chloride/glycerol- hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide. The Fourier transform infrared spectra and X-ray diffractometer patterns of the biocomposites introduced with the choline chloride/glycerol-hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide demonstrate the presence of physical interactions, which contributes to the increase of compatibility between both high-density polyethylene and agar. In conclusion, high-density polyethylene/agar biocomposites could be compatibilized with eutectic-based ionic liquid containing surfactant, choline chloride/glycerol- hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)440-453
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites
Volume33
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014

Fingerprint

Ionic Liquids
Compatibilizers
Polyethylene
High density polyethylenes
Choline
Glycerol
Ionic liquids
Surface-Active Agents
Eutectics
Agar
Surface active agents
Mechanical testing
Gravimetric analysis
Diffractometers
Impact strength
Melting point
cetrimonium
Fillers
Differential scanning calorimetry
Fourier transforms

Keywords

  • agar
  • biocomposite
  • choline chloride/glycerol
  • hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide
  • High-density polyethylene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Ceramics and Composites

Cite this

Compatibilization of HDPE/agar biocomposites with eutectic-based ionic liquid containing surfactant. / Shamsuri, A. A.; Daik, Rusli; Zainudin, E. S.; Tahir, P. M.

In: Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, Vol. 33, No. 5, 03.2014, p. 440-453.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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