Comparison study of moisture content, colour properties and essential oil compounds extracted by hydrodistillation and supercritical fluid extraction between stem and leaves of lemongrass (Cymbopogun citratus)

Shazlin Kamaruddin, Wan Aida Wan Mustapha, Zaibunnisa Abdul Haiyee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to compare the properties of moisture content, colour and essential oil compounds between stem and leaves of lemongrass (Cymbopogun citratus). The essential oil was extracted using two different methods which are hydrodistillation and supercritical fluid extraction (SFE). There was no significant difference of moisture content between stem and leaves of lemongrass. The lightness (L) and yellowness (+b) values of the stems were significantly higher (p<0.05) compared to the leaves. The highest yield of essential oil was obtained by extraction using supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) in leaves (∼ 0.7%) by treatment at 1700psi and 50°C. The main compound of extracted essential oil was citral (geranial and neral).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Volume1940
ISBN (Electronic)9780735416321
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Apr 2018
Event2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium - Selangor, Malaysia
Duration: 12 Jul 201713 Jul 2017

Other

Other2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium
CountryMalaysia
CitySelangor
Period12/7/1713/7/17

Fingerprint

supercritical fluids
stems
leaves
moisture content
oils
color
fluids

Keywords

  • hydrodistillation
  • Lemongrass
  • supercritical fluid extraction SFE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Kamaruddin, S., Wan Mustapha, W. A., & Haiyee, Z. A. (2018). Comparison study of moisture content, colour properties and essential oil compounds extracted by hydrodistillation and supercritical fluid extraction between stem and leaves of lemongrass (Cymbopogun citratus). In 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium (Vol. 1940). [020101] American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5028016

Comparison study of moisture content, colour properties and essential oil compounds extracted by hydrodistillation and supercritical fluid extraction between stem and leaves of lemongrass (Cymbopogun citratus). / Kamaruddin, Shazlin; Wan Mustapha, Wan Aida; Haiyee, Zaibunnisa Abdul.

2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1940 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018. 020101.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Kamaruddin, S, Wan Mustapha, WA & Haiyee, ZA 2018, Comparison study of moisture content, colour properties and essential oil compounds extracted by hydrodistillation and supercritical fluid extraction between stem and leaves of lemongrass (Cymbopogun citratus). in 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium. vol. 1940, 020101, American Institute of Physics Inc., 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium, Selangor, Malaysia, 12/7/17. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5028016
Kamaruddin S, Wan Mustapha WA, Haiyee ZA. Comparison study of moisture content, colour properties and essential oil compounds extracted by hydrodistillation and supercritical fluid extraction between stem and leaves of lemongrass (Cymbopogun citratus). In 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1940. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2018. 020101 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5028016
Kamaruddin, Shazlin ; Wan Mustapha, Wan Aida ; Haiyee, Zaibunnisa Abdul. / Comparison study of moisture content, colour properties and essential oil compounds extracted by hydrodistillation and supercritical fluid extraction between stem and leaves of lemongrass (Cymbopogun citratus). 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1940 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018.
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