Comparison of catalytic reforming processes for process integration opportunities

Brief review

Badiea S. Babaqi, Mohd Sobri Takriff, Siti Kartom Kamarudin, Nur Tantiyani Ali Othman, Muneer M. Ba-Abbad

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Catalytic reforming process is one of the most important processes in oil refineries that produce high octane number gasoline. Catalytic reforming processes are commonly classified into three types based on the regeneration systems of the catalyst, namely (i) semi-regenerative catalytic reformer process (SRCRP), (ii) cyclic regenerative catalytic reformer process (CRCRP) and (iii) continuous catalytic regeneration reformer process (CCRRP). The major difference among the three processes is the requirement to shut down for catalyst regeneration. The mechanism for the regeneration steps could be classified into fixed-bed catalyst system; fixed-bed catalyst combined a swing reactor and a move-bed catalyst with special regenerator of SRCRP, CRCRP or CCRRP type respectively. The CCRRP produces a higher octane reformates in the range 95-108 with a low feed quality compared to the other reactors types. Furthermore, the process produces hydrogen gas continuously at higher catalyst activity. High yield of hydrogen is also achieved at lower recycle ratio and lower operating pressure (50 psig). As the process requires continuous energy supply to maintain the optimum temperature of the reactor, simultaneous integration of mass and heat can be used as means to identify opportunities for design improvement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9984-9989
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Applied Engineering Research
Volume11
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint

Catalytic reforming
Catalysts
Catalyst regeneration
Hydrogen
Antiknock rating
Regenerators
Gasoline
Catalyst activity
Gases
Temperature

Keywords

  • Catalytic reforming process
  • Comparison
  • Process integration opportunities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Catalytic reforming process is one of the most important processes in oil refineries that produce high octane number gasoline. Catalytic reforming processes are commonly classified into three types based on the regeneration systems of the catalyst, namely (i) semi-regenerative catalytic reformer process (SRCRP), (ii) cyclic regenerative catalytic reformer process (CRCRP) and (iii) continuous catalytic regeneration reformer process (CCRRP). The major difference among the three processes is the requirement to shut down for catalyst regeneration. The mechanism for the regeneration steps could be classified into fixed-bed catalyst system; fixed-bed catalyst combined a swing reactor and a move-bed catalyst with special regenerator of SRCRP, CRCRP or CCRRP type respectively. The CCRRP produces a higher octane reformates in the range 95-108 with a low feed quality compared to the other reactors types. Furthermore, the process produces hydrogen gas continuously at higher catalyst activity. High yield of hydrogen is also achieved at lower recycle ratio and lower operating pressure (50 psig). As the process requires continuous energy supply to maintain the optimum temperature of the reactor, simultaneous integration of mass and heat can be used as means to identify opportunities for design improvement.",
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author = "Babaqi, {Badiea S.} and Takriff, {Mohd Sobri} and Kamarudin, {Siti Kartom} and {Ali Othman}, {Nur Tantiyani} and Ba-Abbad, {Muneer M.}",
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AU - Babaqi, Badiea S.

AU - Takriff, Mohd Sobri

AU - Kamarudin, Siti Kartom

AU - Ali Othman, Nur Tantiyani

AU - Ba-Abbad, Muneer M.

PY - 2016

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N2 - Catalytic reforming process is one of the most important processes in oil refineries that produce high octane number gasoline. Catalytic reforming processes are commonly classified into three types based on the regeneration systems of the catalyst, namely (i) semi-regenerative catalytic reformer process (SRCRP), (ii) cyclic regenerative catalytic reformer process (CRCRP) and (iii) continuous catalytic regeneration reformer process (CCRRP). The major difference among the three processes is the requirement to shut down for catalyst regeneration. The mechanism for the regeneration steps could be classified into fixed-bed catalyst system; fixed-bed catalyst combined a swing reactor and a move-bed catalyst with special regenerator of SRCRP, CRCRP or CCRRP type respectively. The CCRRP produces a higher octane reformates in the range 95-108 with a low feed quality compared to the other reactors types. Furthermore, the process produces hydrogen gas continuously at higher catalyst activity. High yield of hydrogen is also achieved at lower recycle ratio and lower operating pressure (50 psig). As the process requires continuous energy supply to maintain the optimum temperature of the reactor, simultaneous integration of mass and heat can be used as means to identify opportunities for design improvement.

AB - Catalytic reforming process is one of the most important processes in oil refineries that produce high octane number gasoline. Catalytic reforming processes are commonly classified into three types based on the regeneration systems of the catalyst, namely (i) semi-regenerative catalytic reformer process (SRCRP), (ii) cyclic regenerative catalytic reformer process (CRCRP) and (iii) continuous catalytic regeneration reformer process (CCRRP). The major difference among the three processes is the requirement to shut down for catalyst regeneration. The mechanism for the regeneration steps could be classified into fixed-bed catalyst system; fixed-bed catalyst combined a swing reactor and a move-bed catalyst with special regenerator of SRCRP, CRCRP or CCRRP type respectively. The CCRRP produces a higher octane reformates in the range 95-108 with a low feed quality compared to the other reactors types. Furthermore, the process produces hydrogen gas continuously at higher catalyst activity. High yield of hydrogen is also achieved at lower recycle ratio and lower operating pressure (50 psig). As the process requires continuous energy supply to maintain the optimum temperature of the reactor, simultaneous integration of mass and heat can be used as means to identify opportunities for design improvement.

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