Comparative study on the anatomy and palynology of the three variety of vitis vinifera varity (family Vitaceae)

Chnar Najmaddin, Khatijah Hussin, Haja Maideen Kader Maideen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Morphological and anatomical evaluation on three varieties of Vitis vinifera (Trerash, Rash meri and Baidhaw) commonly known as grape vine was reported. The samples were prepared in a mixture containing 95% of alcohol and glacial acetic acid. The result revealed differences among the varieties ranging from morphological to aesthetic features of the leaf. Although, starch grains, druses and raphid crystals were present in all the varieties, the shape of the stem, petiole, midrib, lamina and margin were anatomically different as well as the presence of trichomes among the varieties. The microstructure of the leaf epidermis was investigated using light microscope (LM) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) which confirmed the polygonal shape of the leaf epidermal cells and the anticlinal walls which were straight and arched from the surface view. The structure of the stomata apparatus was present only in the abaxial epidermis and anomocyte type. SEM was used to investigate the pollen grains tricolporat and sub prolate often known as prolate-spheroidal. The flower was bisexual having size ranging between 4 to 5 mm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16866-16874
Number of pages9
JournalAfrican Journal of Biotechnology
Volume10
Issue number74
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2011

Fingerprint

Vitaceae
Phosmet
palynology
Vitis
Epidermis
Vitis vinifera
Anatomy
Electrons
Trichomes
epidermis (plant)
Pollen
Exanthema
scanning electron microscopes
Esthetics
Acetic Acid
Starch
Cell Wall
Alcohols
Light
leaves

Keywords

  • Light microscope
  • Morphological and anatomical evaluation
  • SEM
  • Vitis vinifera

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

Comparative study on the anatomy and palynology of the three variety of vitis vinifera varity (family Vitaceae). / Najmaddin, Chnar; Hussin, Khatijah; Kader Maideen, Haja Maideen.

In: African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 10, No. 74, 11.2011, p. 16866-16874.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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