Comparative study on recycling behaviours between regular recyclers and non regular recyclers in Malaysia

Kian Ghee Tiew, Noor Ezlin Ahmad Basri, Hong Deng, Kohei Watanabe, Shahrom Md Zain, Shuting Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

After twenty-four years of government efforts, the latest national recycling rate in Malaysia rose from 5% in 1993 to approximately 24.6% in 2017. However, the practice of solid waste recycling in developing countries is still challenging compared to developing countries. Especially in Malaysia, a multi-ethnic country where people with different ethics have different living lifestyles. Still, Malaysia faces rapidly increasing solid waste and management costs, lacks appropriate data on solid waste management and recycling, lacks awareness of the 3R's (reduce, reuse and recycle) culture and lacks policies to promote 3R's culture. In addition, prior to the enforcement of ACT 672, information and networks between stakeholders have been limited for more than 20 years. Some scholars believe that the success of recycling practices is mainly influenced by community recycling behaviours. Therefore, in order to improve and evaluate the effectiveness of current national solid waste recycling management systems, research and assessment of community recycling behaviours are essential. This paper aims to evaluate the factors that attract communities to implement recycling in their daily lives and to obtain data through quantitative survey methods. Face-to-face questionnaires are conducted through purposive sampling and collected data is further analysed by PASW statistical tools. The comparison between recyclers and non-recyclers are presented in terms of frequency, means scores and radar chart. The results indicate that policy makers involved in the planning, organisation, and implementation of community recycling programs have to focus on strategies that engage community members and adopt recycling practices to improve environmental impact by changing their attitudes. Based on the results of means scores, the type of age, occupation and place of life must be taken into consideration in order to organize future recycling campaigns or awareness programs. In conclusion, the information will help policymakers make better solid waste recycling management to meet the needs of the public.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-263
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Volume237
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019

Fingerprint

Recycling
comparative study
recycling
solid waste
Solid wastes
developing world
Developing countries
survey method
ethics
lifestyle
waste management
occupation
stakeholder
environmental impact
radar
Waste management
Environmental impact
waste recycling
sampling
Radar

Keywords

  • Malaysia
  • Recycling behaviours
  • Solid waste management
  • Sustainability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Comparative study on recycling behaviours between regular recyclers and non regular recyclers in Malaysia. / Tiew, Kian Ghee; Ahmad Basri, Noor Ezlin; Deng, Hong; Watanabe, Kohei; Md Zain, Shahrom; Wang, Shuting.

In: Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 237, 01.05.2019, p. 255-263.

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

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