Comparative study of microcelluloses isolated from two different biomasses with commercial cellulose

Wei Tieng Owi, Ong Hui Lin, Sung Ting Sam, Chin Hua Chia, Sarani Zakaria, Muhammad Safwan Mohaiyiddin, Al Rey Villagracia, Gil Nonato Santos, Hazizan Md Akil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Microcelluloses (MCs) were chemically isolated from two different biomass sources, empty fruit bunches (EFB) and sugarcane bagasse (SCB). The resulting MCs were compared to the commercially available cellulose (MC-Sigma) that was used as a standard. Structural, crystalline, morphological, and thermal properties of all specimens were characterized and compared by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). FTIR analysis verified that the chemical treatments removed non-cellulosic constituents including hemicelluloses and lignin. XRD patterns revealed the crystallinity increment from 43.1% to 52.1% for MC-EFB and 38.9% to 52.4% for MC-SCB. SEM images demonstrated the fibrillar structure of both MC-EFB and MC-SCB, and their surfaces were smoother compared with MC-Sigma. From the TG curves, MC-EFB provided the highest thermal stability, as it had the highest maximum degradation temperature at 345 °C. DSC results showed only one endothermic peak for all specimens. Taken together, these results reasonably confirmed that the MCs from EFB and SCB are comparable to standard MC-Sigma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3453-3465
Number of pages13
JournalBioResources
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2016

Fingerprint

Fruits
Bagasse
Cellulose
cellulose
comparative study
Biomass
fruit
biomass
calorimetry
Differential scanning calorimetry
scanning electron microscopy
X-ray diffraction
X ray diffraction
Scanning electron microscopy
Lignin
crystallinity
FTIR spectroscopy
Diffraction patterns
Fourier transform
lignin

Keywords

  • Characterization
  • Empty fruit bunches
  • Microcellulose
  • Sugarcane bagasse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Bioengineering

Cite this

Comparative study of microcelluloses isolated from two different biomasses with commercial cellulose. / Owi, Wei Tieng; Lin, Ong Hui; Sam, Sung Ting; Chia, Chin Hua; Zakaria, Sarani; Mohaiyiddin, Muhammad Safwan; Villagracia, Al Rey; Santos, Gil Nonato; Akil, Hazizan Md.

In: BioResources, Vol. 11, No. 2, 01.05.2016, p. 3453-3465.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Owi, WT, Lin, OH, Sam, ST, Chia, CH, Zakaria, S, Mohaiyiddin, MS, Villagracia, AR, Santos, GN & Akil, HM 2016, 'Comparative study of microcelluloses isolated from two different biomasses with commercial cellulose', BioResources, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 3453-3465. https://doi.org/10.15376/biores.11.2.3453-3465
Owi, Wei Tieng ; Lin, Ong Hui ; Sam, Sung Ting ; Chia, Chin Hua ; Zakaria, Sarani ; Mohaiyiddin, Muhammad Safwan ; Villagracia, Al Rey ; Santos, Gil Nonato ; Akil, Hazizan Md. / Comparative study of microcelluloses isolated from two different biomasses with commercial cellulose. In: BioResources. 2016 ; Vol. 11, No. 2. pp. 3453-3465.
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