Comparative assessment of a porous burner using vegetable cooking oil-kerosene fuel blends for thermoelectric and thermophotovoltaic power generation

K. F. Mustafa, Shahrir Abdullah, M. Z. Abdullah, Kamaruzzaman Sopian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents an experimental evaluation of combustion-driven thermoelectric (TE) and thermophotovoltaic (TPV) power systems using several blends of vegetable cooking oil-kerosene (VCOK) fuels. The TE and TPV systems were integrated with a porous burner, and the combustion characteristics and system performance were evaluated. Three blends of fuel mixtures were tested: 95%/5% VCO-kerosene (9505 VCOK), 90%/10% VCO-kerosene (9010 VCOK), and 80%/20% VCO-kerosene (8020 VCOK). Experiments were conducted to assess the effects of the fuel-air equivalence ratio on the temperature distributions, emission profiles, electrical power output, and electrical efficiency. For both the TE and TPV systems, the asymmetrical temperature distributions were highly insensitive to the fuel-air equivalence ratio and the fuel blends. The emissions of carbon monoxide (CO) and nitrogen oxide (NOx) were largely unaffected by the fuel blends. The CO emission exhibited a minimum value at a fuel-air equivalence ratio of 0.60 for the TPV system, and the level of NOx emission gradually decreased with mixture enrichment. It was also observed that the general trend of electrical efficiency tended to be similar for both the TE and TPV systems, and the electrical efficiency markedly improved at a rich fuel-air equivalence ratio.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-147
Number of pages11
JournalFuel
Volume180
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2016

Fingerprint

Plant Oils
Cooking
Kerosene
Vegetables
Fuel burners
Power generation
Variable frequency oscillators
Nitrogen oxides
Carbon Monoxide
Air
Carbon monoxide
Nitric Oxide
Temperature distribution
Oils

Keywords

  • Porous burner
  • Thermoelectric (TE)
  • Thermophotovoltaic (TPV)
  • Vegetable cooking oil (VCO)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

@article{ab66f6b8757942f88516a8ff348bcb7d,
title = "Comparative assessment of a porous burner using vegetable cooking oil-kerosene fuel blends for thermoelectric and thermophotovoltaic power generation",
abstract = "This paper presents an experimental evaluation of combustion-driven thermoelectric (TE) and thermophotovoltaic (TPV) power systems using several blends of vegetable cooking oil-kerosene (VCOK) fuels. The TE and TPV systems were integrated with a porous burner, and the combustion characteristics and system performance were evaluated. Three blends of fuel mixtures were tested: 95{\%}/5{\%} VCO-kerosene (9505 VCOK), 90{\%}/10{\%} VCO-kerosene (9010 VCOK), and 80{\%}/20{\%} VCO-kerosene (8020 VCOK). Experiments were conducted to assess the effects of the fuel-air equivalence ratio on the temperature distributions, emission profiles, electrical power output, and electrical efficiency. For both the TE and TPV systems, the asymmetrical temperature distributions were highly insensitive to the fuel-air equivalence ratio and the fuel blends. The emissions of carbon monoxide (CO) and nitrogen oxide (NOx) were largely unaffected by the fuel blends. The CO emission exhibited a minimum value at a fuel-air equivalence ratio of 0.60 for the TPV system, and the level of NOx emission gradually decreased with mixture enrichment. It was also observed that the general trend of electrical efficiency tended to be similar for both the TE and TPV systems, and the electrical efficiency markedly improved at a rich fuel-air equivalence ratio.",
keywords = "Porous burner, Thermoelectric (TE), Thermophotovoltaic (TPV), Vegetable cooking oil (VCO)",
author = "Mustafa, {K. F.} and Shahrir Abdullah and Abdullah, {M. Z.} and Kamaruzzaman Sopian",
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T1 - Comparative assessment of a porous burner using vegetable cooking oil-kerosene fuel blends for thermoelectric and thermophotovoltaic power generation

AU - Mustafa, K. F.

AU - Abdullah, Shahrir

AU - Abdullah, M. Z.

AU - Sopian, Kamaruzzaman

PY - 2016/9/15

Y1 - 2016/9/15

N2 - This paper presents an experimental evaluation of combustion-driven thermoelectric (TE) and thermophotovoltaic (TPV) power systems using several blends of vegetable cooking oil-kerosene (VCOK) fuels. The TE and TPV systems were integrated with a porous burner, and the combustion characteristics and system performance were evaluated. Three blends of fuel mixtures were tested: 95%/5% VCO-kerosene (9505 VCOK), 90%/10% VCO-kerosene (9010 VCOK), and 80%/20% VCO-kerosene (8020 VCOK). Experiments were conducted to assess the effects of the fuel-air equivalence ratio on the temperature distributions, emission profiles, electrical power output, and electrical efficiency. For both the TE and TPV systems, the asymmetrical temperature distributions were highly insensitive to the fuel-air equivalence ratio and the fuel blends. The emissions of carbon monoxide (CO) and nitrogen oxide (NOx) were largely unaffected by the fuel blends. The CO emission exhibited a minimum value at a fuel-air equivalence ratio of 0.60 for the TPV system, and the level of NOx emission gradually decreased with mixture enrichment. It was also observed that the general trend of electrical efficiency tended to be similar for both the TE and TPV systems, and the electrical efficiency markedly improved at a rich fuel-air equivalence ratio.

AB - This paper presents an experimental evaluation of combustion-driven thermoelectric (TE) and thermophotovoltaic (TPV) power systems using several blends of vegetable cooking oil-kerosene (VCOK) fuels. The TE and TPV systems were integrated with a porous burner, and the combustion characteristics and system performance were evaluated. Three blends of fuel mixtures were tested: 95%/5% VCO-kerosene (9505 VCOK), 90%/10% VCO-kerosene (9010 VCOK), and 80%/20% VCO-kerosene (8020 VCOK). Experiments were conducted to assess the effects of the fuel-air equivalence ratio on the temperature distributions, emission profiles, electrical power output, and electrical efficiency. For both the TE and TPV systems, the asymmetrical temperature distributions were highly insensitive to the fuel-air equivalence ratio and the fuel blends. The emissions of carbon monoxide (CO) and nitrogen oxide (NOx) were largely unaffected by the fuel blends. The CO emission exhibited a minimum value at a fuel-air equivalence ratio of 0.60 for the TPV system, and the level of NOx emission gradually decreased with mixture enrichment. It was also observed that the general trend of electrical efficiency tended to be similar for both the TE and TPV systems, and the electrical efficiency markedly improved at a rich fuel-air equivalence ratio.

KW - Porous burner

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