Community acquired multi drug resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter baumannii pneumonia in Malaysia – A case report

Rozita Mohd, Theepa Nesam, Lydia Kamaruzaman, Rizna Abdul Cader, Ruslinda Mustafar, Wei Yen Kong

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Acinetobacter baumannii is an aerobic Gram-negative coccobacillus that is associated with hospital acquired pneumonia. There is increased reporting of emergent cases of community acquired multidrug resistance (MDR) acinetobacter associated with a higher mortality due to antibiotic resistance. Community acquired MDR acinetobacter pneumonia has not been reported in Malaysia. Here we report a case of a 19-year-old army officer who presented with fever and respiratory symptoms for 5 days. He had no known medical illness before and no history of hospitalization. Upon arrival, he was in septicaemic shock, requiring invasive ventilator support and renal replacement therapy in intensive care unit. Chest radiograph showed bilateral lung consolidations and bronchoscopy revealed haemoserous and greenish bronchiole secretion. He was treated with broad spectrum antibiotics and oseltamivir. Unfortunately he died on day 3 of hospital admission. His bronchial lavage culture came back positive for MDR Acinetobacter baumannii. This case illustrates that clinicians need to be aware that MDR Acinetobacter baumannii can cause severe community acquired pneumonia. We may need to consider this diagnosis in patients who do not respond to standard therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-149
Number of pages3
JournalRespiratory Medicine Case Reports
Volume24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

Acinetobacter baumannii
Malaysia
Pneumonia
Acinetobacter
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Oseltamivir
Bronchioles
Renal Replacement Therapy
Multiple Drug Resistance
Bronchoscopy
Bronchoalveolar Lavage
Mechanical Ventilators
Microbial Drug Resistance
Intensive Care Units
Shock
Hospitalization
Fever
Thorax
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Lung

Keywords

  • Acinetobacter baumannii
  • Community acquired pneumonia
  • Multi drug resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

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abstract = "Acinetobacter baumannii is an aerobic Gram-negative coccobacillus that is associated with hospital acquired pneumonia. There is increased reporting of emergent cases of community acquired multidrug resistance (MDR) acinetobacter associated with a higher mortality due to antibiotic resistance. Community acquired MDR acinetobacter pneumonia has not been reported in Malaysia. Here we report a case of a 19-year-old army officer who presented with fever and respiratory symptoms for 5 days. He had no known medical illness before and no history of hospitalization. Upon arrival, he was in septicaemic shock, requiring invasive ventilator support and renal replacement therapy in intensive care unit. Chest radiograph showed bilateral lung consolidations and bronchoscopy revealed haemoserous and greenish bronchiole secretion. He was treated with broad spectrum antibiotics and oseltamivir. Unfortunately he died on day 3 of hospital admission. His bronchial lavage culture came back positive for MDR Acinetobacter baumannii. This case illustrates that clinicians need to be aware that MDR Acinetobacter baumannii can cause severe community acquired pneumonia. We may need to consider this diagnosis in patients who do not respond to standard therapy.",
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AU - Nesam, Theepa

AU - Kamaruzaman, Lydia

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AU - Mustafar, Ruslinda

AU - Kong, Wei Yen

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N2 - Acinetobacter baumannii is an aerobic Gram-negative coccobacillus that is associated with hospital acquired pneumonia. There is increased reporting of emergent cases of community acquired multidrug resistance (MDR) acinetobacter associated with a higher mortality due to antibiotic resistance. Community acquired MDR acinetobacter pneumonia has not been reported in Malaysia. Here we report a case of a 19-year-old army officer who presented with fever and respiratory symptoms for 5 days. He had no known medical illness before and no history of hospitalization. Upon arrival, he was in septicaemic shock, requiring invasive ventilator support and renal replacement therapy in intensive care unit. Chest radiograph showed bilateral lung consolidations and bronchoscopy revealed haemoserous and greenish bronchiole secretion. He was treated with broad spectrum antibiotics and oseltamivir. Unfortunately he died on day 3 of hospital admission. His bronchial lavage culture came back positive for MDR Acinetobacter baumannii. This case illustrates that clinicians need to be aware that MDR Acinetobacter baumannii can cause severe community acquired pneumonia. We may need to consider this diagnosis in patients who do not respond to standard therapy.

AB - Acinetobacter baumannii is an aerobic Gram-negative coccobacillus that is associated with hospital acquired pneumonia. There is increased reporting of emergent cases of community acquired multidrug resistance (MDR) acinetobacter associated with a higher mortality due to antibiotic resistance. Community acquired MDR acinetobacter pneumonia has not been reported in Malaysia. Here we report a case of a 19-year-old army officer who presented with fever and respiratory symptoms for 5 days. He had no known medical illness before and no history of hospitalization. Upon arrival, he was in septicaemic shock, requiring invasive ventilator support and renal replacement therapy in intensive care unit. Chest radiograph showed bilateral lung consolidations and bronchoscopy revealed haemoserous and greenish bronchiole secretion. He was treated with broad spectrum antibiotics and oseltamivir. Unfortunately he died on day 3 of hospital admission. His bronchial lavage culture came back positive for MDR Acinetobacter baumannii. This case illustrates that clinicians need to be aware that MDR Acinetobacter baumannii can cause severe community acquired pneumonia. We may need to consider this diagnosis in patients who do not respond to standard therapy.

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