Communication of bad news to cancer patients in a malay speaking country of south-east Asia: Validation of the Malay version of the "measure of patients' preferences" questionnaire

Chai Eng Tan, Khairani Omar, Aida Jaffar, Shamsul Azhar Shah, Hayati Yaakup

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: There is paucity of literature regarding cancer patients' preferences in communicating bad news due to limited resources and lack of locally validated instruments. This study aimed to translate the Measure of Patients' Preferences (MPP) questionnaire into the Malay language and to validate it for use for further research in cancer care. Methods: The Malay language version of the Measure of Patients' Preferences (MPP-BM) was produced through independent double back-to-back translation and pre-testing. Two hundred cancer patients from a tertiary teaching hospital were selected by purposive quota sampling. They completed the MPP-BM by rating their preferences with regards to communication of bad news. The internal consistency reliability and factor structure of the MPP-BM was determined and compared with the original MPP. Results: Mean age of respondents was younger than previous studies (52.5 ± 13.8, range 20-81 years). Up to 76% received either primary or secondary educational level. Most common diagnoses were breast, colorectal and nasopharygeal carcinoma. Principal components analysis revealed the MPP-BM measured three factors, namely "Content and Facilitation", "Emotional Support" and "Structural and Informational Support". This factor structure was almost similar to the original English version. All three factors had good internal consistency (Cronbach alpha 0.81-0.92). "Content and Facilitation" had the highest mean scores (4.35/5) compared to "Emotional Support" (3.83/5) and "Structural and Informational Support" (3.88/5). Conclusion: The MPP-BM is a valid and reliable tool for local research. The factor structure of the MPP-BM is similar to that of the original MPP and deemed compatible for cross-cultural comparison.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)124-128
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Medical Journal
Volume20
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013

Fingerprint

Far East
Patient Preference
Communication
Neoplasms
Surveys and Questionnaires
Language
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Principal Component Analysis
Research
Tertiary Care Centers
Teaching Hospitals
Colorectal Neoplasms
Breast

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Communication
  • Disclosure
  • Patient
  • Preference
  • Truth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

@article{93347b8c95ab43e889a929a6be85f4de,
title = "Communication of bad news to cancer patients in a malay speaking country of south-east Asia: Validation of the Malay version of the {"}measure of patients' preferences{"} questionnaire",
abstract = "Purpose: There is paucity of literature regarding cancer patients' preferences in communicating bad news due to limited resources and lack of locally validated instruments. This study aimed to translate the Measure of Patients' Preferences (MPP) questionnaire into the Malay language and to validate it for use for further research in cancer care. Methods: The Malay language version of the Measure of Patients' Preferences (MPP-BM) was produced through independent double back-to-back translation and pre-testing. Two hundred cancer patients from a tertiary teaching hospital were selected by purposive quota sampling. They completed the MPP-BM by rating their preferences with regards to communication of bad news. The internal consistency reliability and factor structure of the MPP-BM was determined and compared with the original MPP. Results: Mean age of respondents was younger than previous studies (52.5 ± 13.8, range 20-81 years). Up to 76{\%} received either primary or secondary educational level. Most common diagnoses were breast, colorectal and nasopharygeal carcinoma. Principal components analysis revealed the MPP-BM measured three factors, namely {"}Content and Facilitation{"}, {"}Emotional Support{"} and {"}Structural and Informational Support{"}. This factor structure was almost similar to the original English version. All three factors had good internal consistency (Cronbach alpha 0.81-0.92). {"}Content and Facilitation{"} had the highest mean scores (4.35/5) compared to {"}Emotional Support{"} (3.83/5) and {"}Structural and Informational Support{"} (3.88/5). Conclusion: The MPP-BM is a valid and reliable tool for local research. The factor structure of the MPP-BM is similar to that of the original MPP and deemed compatible for cross-cultural comparison.",
keywords = "Cancer, Communication, Disclosure, Patient, Preference, Truth",
author = "Tan, {Chai Eng} and Khairani Omar and Aida Jaffar and Shah, {Shamsul Azhar} and Hayati Yaakup",
year = "2013",
month = "4",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
pages = "124--128",
journal = "International Medical Journal",
issn = "1341-2051",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Communication of bad news to cancer patients in a malay speaking country of south-east Asia

T2 - Validation of the Malay version of the "measure of patients' preferences" questionnaire

AU - Tan, Chai Eng

AU - Omar, Khairani

AU - Jaffar, Aida

AU - Shah, Shamsul Azhar

AU - Yaakup, Hayati

PY - 2013/4

Y1 - 2013/4

N2 - Purpose: There is paucity of literature regarding cancer patients' preferences in communicating bad news due to limited resources and lack of locally validated instruments. This study aimed to translate the Measure of Patients' Preferences (MPP) questionnaire into the Malay language and to validate it for use for further research in cancer care. Methods: The Malay language version of the Measure of Patients' Preferences (MPP-BM) was produced through independent double back-to-back translation and pre-testing. Two hundred cancer patients from a tertiary teaching hospital were selected by purposive quota sampling. They completed the MPP-BM by rating their preferences with regards to communication of bad news. The internal consistency reliability and factor structure of the MPP-BM was determined and compared with the original MPP. Results: Mean age of respondents was younger than previous studies (52.5 ± 13.8, range 20-81 years). Up to 76% received either primary or secondary educational level. Most common diagnoses were breast, colorectal and nasopharygeal carcinoma. Principal components analysis revealed the MPP-BM measured three factors, namely "Content and Facilitation", "Emotional Support" and "Structural and Informational Support". This factor structure was almost similar to the original English version. All three factors had good internal consistency (Cronbach alpha 0.81-0.92). "Content and Facilitation" had the highest mean scores (4.35/5) compared to "Emotional Support" (3.83/5) and "Structural and Informational Support" (3.88/5). Conclusion: The MPP-BM is a valid and reliable tool for local research. The factor structure of the MPP-BM is similar to that of the original MPP and deemed compatible for cross-cultural comparison.

AB - Purpose: There is paucity of literature regarding cancer patients' preferences in communicating bad news due to limited resources and lack of locally validated instruments. This study aimed to translate the Measure of Patients' Preferences (MPP) questionnaire into the Malay language and to validate it for use for further research in cancer care. Methods: The Malay language version of the Measure of Patients' Preferences (MPP-BM) was produced through independent double back-to-back translation and pre-testing. Two hundred cancer patients from a tertiary teaching hospital were selected by purposive quota sampling. They completed the MPP-BM by rating their preferences with regards to communication of bad news. The internal consistency reliability and factor structure of the MPP-BM was determined and compared with the original MPP. Results: Mean age of respondents was younger than previous studies (52.5 ± 13.8, range 20-81 years). Up to 76% received either primary or secondary educational level. Most common diagnoses were breast, colorectal and nasopharygeal carcinoma. Principal components analysis revealed the MPP-BM measured three factors, namely "Content and Facilitation", "Emotional Support" and "Structural and Informational Support". This factor structure was almost similar to the original English version. All three factors had good internal consistency (Cronbach alpha 0.81-0.92). "Content and Facilitation" had the highest mean scores (4.35/5) compared to "Emotional Support" (3.83/5) and "Structural and Informational Support" (3.88/5). Conclusion: The MPP-BM is a valid and reliable tool for local research. The factor structure of the MPP-BM is similar to that of the original MPP and deemed compatible for cross-cultural comparison.

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KW - Communication

KW - Disclosure

KW - Patient

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KW - Truth

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JO - International Medical Journal

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