Common mental disorders in Malaysia: Malaysian mental health survey, 2003-2005

Saroja Krishnaswamy, Kavitha Subramaniam, Abdul Aziz Jemain, Wah Yun Low, Padma Ramachandran, Tishya Indran, Vikram Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Mental disorders are emerging as serious health threats in both developed and developing nations and contribute to greater Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALY) than infectious disease and unintentional injuries. This study aims to determine the prevalence and factors associated with the presence of common mental disorders in the Malaysian population. Methods: Multistage cluster sampling method was used to obtain samples, with racial proportion as the main sampling criteria. Required sample size was calculated to be 4300 at 90% confidence level. Trained enumerators carried out the interview, with the Clinical Interview Scheduled- Revised (CIS-R). Results: A total of 3666 respondents were interviewed (85% response rate). The one-week prevalence of Common Mental Disorders was 5.3% (95% CI of 4.57-6.03%). Findings from multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that associated factors were female gender (adjusted OR=1.91, P<0.01), being divorced (adjusted OR=3.95, P<0.05), difficulties at workplaces (adjusted OR=3.58, P<0.01) experiencing life events, such as divorce/marital separation (adjusted OR=2.58,P<0.01), unsolvable financial problems (adjusted OR=3.87, P<0.01), and serious problems with friends and neighbours (adjusted OR=4.35, P<0.01) in the year prior to data collection. Chinese ethnicity was least likely to be associated with CMD (adjusted OR=0.27). Discussion: There is a 5% prevalence of Common Mental Disorders in the Malaysian population. Socio-demographic factors and experience of certain life events, particularly divorce, problems with neighbours and friends and severe financial problems in the previous year were found to be significantly associated with the prevalence of common mental disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-209
Number of pages9
JournalAsia-Pacific Psychiatry
Volume4
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2012

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Health Surveys
Mental Disorders
Mental Health
Divorce
Interviews
Quality-Adjusted Life Years
Life Change Events
Developed Countries
Workplace
Sample Size
Population
Developing Countries
Communicable Diseases
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Demography
Health
Wounds and Injuries

Keywords

  • Associated factor
  • Common mental disorder
  • Malaysian population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Krishnaswamy, S., Subramaniam, K., Jemain, A. A., Low, W. Y., Ramachandran, P., Indran, T., & Patel, V. (2012). Common mental disorders in Malaysia: Malaysian mental health survey, 2003-2005. Asia-Pacific Psychiatry, 4(3), 201-209. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1758-5872.2012.00180.x

Common mental disorders in Malaysia : Malaysian mental health survey, 2003-2005. / Krishnaswamy, Saroja; Subramaniam, Kavitha; Jemain, Abdul Aziz; Low, Wah Yun; Ramachandran, Padma; Indran, Tishya; Patel, Vikram.

In: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry, Vol. 4, No. 3, 09.2012, p. 201-209.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Krishnaswamy, S, Subramaniam, K, Jemain, AA, Low, WY, Ramachandran, P, Indran, T & Patel, V 2012, 'Common mental disorders in Malaysia: Malaysian mental health survey, 2003-2005', Asia-Pacific Psychiatry, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 201-209. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1758-5872.2012.00180.x
Krishnaswamy, Saroja ; Subramaniam, Kavitha ; Jemain, Abdul Aziz ; Low, Wah Yun ; Ramachandran, Padma ; Indran, Tishya ; Patel, Vikram. / Common mental disorders in Malaysia : Malaysian mental health survey, 2003-2005. In: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry. 2012 ; Vol. 4, No. 3. pp. 201-209.
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