Combined virgin coconut oil and tocotrienol-rich fraction protects against bone loss in osteoporotic rat model

Mohd Maaruf Abdul Malik, Faizah Othman, Farida Hussan, Ahmad Nazrun Shuid, Qodriyah Mohd Saad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and Aim: Both virgin coconut oil (VCO) and tocotrienol-rich fraction (TRF) are rich in antioxidants and may protect the bone against bone loss induced by ovariectomy and high-fat diet. The study aimed to determine the protective effects of combined therapy of VCO and TRF on osteoporosis in ovariectomized (OVX) rat fed with high-fat diet. Materials and Methods: Thirty-six female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into six groups: Sham-operated (SHAM), OVX control, OVX and given Premarin at 64.5 ìg/kg (OVX+E2), OVX and given VCO at 4.29 ml/kg (OVX+V), OVX and given TRF at 30 mg/kg (OVX+T), and OVX and given a combination of VCO at 4.29 ml/kg and TRF at 30 mg/kg (OVX+VT). Following 24 weeks of treatments, blood and femora samples were taken for analyses. Results: There were no significant differences in serum osteocalcin levels between the groups (p>0.05), while serum C-terminal telopeptide of Type I collagen levels of the OVX+VT group were significantly lower than the other groups (p<0.05). The dynamic bone histomorphometry analysis of the femur showed that the double-labeled surface/bone surface (dLS/BS), mineral apposition rate, and bone formation rate/BS of the OVX+E2, OVX+T, and OVX+VT groups were significantly higher than the rest of the groups (p<0.05). Conclusion: A combination of VCO and TRF has the potential as a therapeutic agent to restore bone loss induced by ovariectomy and high-fat diet.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2052-2060
Number of pages9
JournalVeterinary World
Volume12
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

Fingerprint

Tocotrienols
tocotrienols
coconut oil
animal models
bones
Bone and Bones
High Fat Diet
high fat diet
ovariectomy
Ovariectomy
blood serum
femur
Femur
conjugated estrogens
Conjugated (USP) Estrogens
osteocalcin
therapeutics
Osteocalcin
rats
osteoporosis

Keywords

  • Bone loss
  • Osteoporosis
  • Ovariectomized rat
  • Ovariectomy
  • Tocotrienol-rich fraction
  • Virgin coconut oil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Combined virgin coconut oil and tocotrienol-rich fraction protects against bone loss in osteoporotic rat model. / Malik, Mohd Maaruf Abdul; Othman, Faizah; Hussan, Farida; Shuid, Ahmad Nazrun; Saad, Qodriyah Mohd.

In: Veterinary World, Vol. 12, No. 12, 12.2019, p. 2052-2060.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Malik, Mohd Maaruf Abdul ; Othman, Faizah ; Hussan, Farida ; Shuid, Ahmad Nazrun ; Saad, Qodriyah Mohd. / Combined virgin coconut oil and tocotrienol-rich fraction protects against bone loss in osteoporotic rat model. In: Veterinary World. 2019 ; Vol. 12, No. 12. pp. 2052-2060.
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abstract = "Background and Aim: Both virgin coconut oil (VCO) and tocotrienol-rich fraction (TRF) are rich in antioxidants and may protect the bone against bone loss induced by ovariectomy and high-fat diet. The study aimed to determine the protective effects of combined therapy of VCO and TRF on osteoporosis in ovariectomized (OVX) rat fed with high-fat diet. Materials and Methods: Thirty-six female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into six groups: Sham-operated (SHAM), OVX control, OVX and given Premarin at 64.5 {\`i}g/kg (OVX+E2), OVX and given VCO at 4.29 ml/kg (OVX+V), OVX and given TRF at 30 mg/kg (OVX+T), and OVX and given a combination of VCO at 4.29 ml/kg and TRF at 30 mg/kg (OVX+VT). Following 24 weeks of treatments, blood and femora samples were taken for analyses. Results: There were no significant differences in serum osteocalcin levels between the groups (p>0.05), while serum C-terminal telopeptide of Type I collagen levels of the OVX+VT group were significantly lower than the other groups (p<0.05). The dynamic bone histomorphometry analysis of the femur showed that the double-labeled surface/bone surface (dLS/BS), mineral apposition rate, and bone formation rate/BS of the OVX+E2, OVX+T, and OVX+VT groups were significantly higher than the rest of the groups (p<0.05). Conclusion: A combination of VCO and TRF has the potential as a therapeutic agent to restore bone loss induced by ovariectomy and high-fat diet.",
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T1 - Combined virgin coconut oil and tocotrienol-rich fraction protects against bone loss in osteoporotic rat model

AU - Malik, Mohd Maaruf Abdul

AU - Othman, Faizah

AU - Hussan, Farida

AU - Shuid, Ahmad Nazrun

AU - Saad, Qodriyah Mohd

PY - 2019/12

Y1 - 2019/12

N2 - Background and Aim: Both virgin coconut oil (VCO) and tocotrienol-rich fraction (TRF) are rich in antioxidants and may protect the bone against bone loss induced by ovariectomy and high-fat diet. The study aimed to determine the protective effects of combined therapy of VCO and TRF on osteoporosis in ovariectomized (OVX) rat fed with high-fat diet. Materials and Methods: Thirty-six female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into six groups: Sham-operated (SHAM), OVX control, OVX and given Premarin at 64.5 ìg/kg (OVX+E2), OVX and given VCO at 4.29 ml/kg (OVX+V), OVX and given TRF at 30 mg/kg (OVX+T), and OVX and given a combination of VCO at 4.29 ml/kg and TRF at 30 mg/kg (OVX+VT). Following 24 weeks of treatments, blood and femora samples were taken for analyses. Results: There were no significant differences in serum osteocalcin levels between the groups (p>0.05), while serum C-terminal telopeptide of Type I collagen levels of the OVX+VT group were significantly lower than the other groups (p<0.05). The dynamic bone histomorphometry analysis of the femur showed that the double-labeled surface/bone surface (dLS/BS), mineral apposition rate, and bone formation rate/BS of the OVX+E2, OVX+T, and OVX+VT groups were significantly higher than the rest of the groups (p<0.05). Conclusion: A combination of VCO and TRF has the potential as a therapeutic agent to restore bone loss induced by ovariectomy and high-fat diet.

AB - Background and Aim: Both virgin coconut oil (VCO) and tocotrienol-rich fraction (TRF) are rich in antioxidants and may protect the bone against bone loss induced by ovariectomy and high-fat diet. The study aimed to determine the protective effects of combined therapy of VCO and TRF on osteoporosis in ovariectomized (OVX) rat fed with high-fat diet. Materials and Methods: Thirty-six female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into six groups: Sham-operated (SHAM), OVX control, OVX and given Premarin at 64.5 ìg/kg (OVX+E2), OVX and given VCO at 4.29 ml/kg (OVX+V), OVX and given TRF at 30 mg/kg (OVX+T), and OVX and given a combination of VCO at 4.29 ml/kg and TRF at 30 mg/kg (OVX+VT). Following 24 weeks of treatments, blood and femora samples were taken for analyses. Results: There were no significant differences in serum osteocalcin levels between the groups (p>0.05), while serum C-terminal telopeptide of Type I collagen levels of the OVX+VT group were significantly lower than the other groups (p<0.05). The dynamic bone histomorphometry analysis of the femur showed that the double-labeled surface/bone surface (dLS/BS), mineral apposition rate, and bone formation rate/BS of the OVX+E2, OVX+T, and OVX+VT groups were significantly higher than the rest of the groups (p<0.05). Conclusion: A combination of VCO and TRF has the potential as a therapeutic agent to restore bone loss induced by ovariectomy and high-fat diet.

KW - Bone loss

KW - Osteoporosis

KW - Ovariectomized rat

KW - Ovariectomy

KW - Tocotrienol-rich fraction

KW - Virgin coconut oil

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