Cognitive distortion as a predictor towards depression among delinquent adolescents

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Abstract

Cognitive distortion as a reliable predictor to juvenile adolescents' depression is still debatable. Thus, it is the purpose of this study to examine the relationships of the five domains of cognitive distortion: self-critique, self-blame, helplessness, hopelessness, and preoccupation with danger with depression and to ascertain the predictive relationship between the five domains of cognitive distortion with depression. Participants were 30 male delinquent adolescents who participated in a youth development program. A set of questionnaires comprising of demographic background questions, Cognitive Distortion Scale (CDS) and Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale (RADS) measures the participants' background, cognitive distortion and depression, respectively. Results from the correlations and multiple regressions indicate positive relationships between all the domains of cognitive distortion and depression. Among the domains, helplessness and preoccupation with danger are significant predictors of depression. Implications to counseling are discussed with emphasis on Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) and family counseling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-82
Number of pages8
JournalPertanika Journal of Social Science and Humanities
Volume19
Issue numberSPEC. ISSUE
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011

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adolescent
family counseling
behavior therapy
Predictors
Delinquents
counseling
cognition
regression
questionnaire
Danger
Counseling

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Cognitive distortion
  • Delinquent
  • Depression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

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title = "Cognitive distortion as a predictor towards depression among delinquent adolescents",
abstract = "Cognitive distortion as a reliable predictor to juvenile adolescents' depression is still debatable. Thus, it is the purpose of this study to examine the relationships of the five domains of cognitive distortion: self-critique, self-blame, helplessness, hopelessness, and preoccupation with danger with depression and to ascertain the predictive relationship between the five domains of cognitive distortion with depression. Participants were 30 male delinquent adolescents who participated in a youth development program. A set of questionnaires comprising of demographic background questions, Cognitive Distortion Scale (CDS) and Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale (RADS) measures the participants' background, cognitive distortion and depression, respectively. Results from the correlations and multiple regressions indicate positive relationships between all the domains of cognitive distortion and depression. Among the domains, helplessness and preoccupation with danger are significant predictors of depression. Implications to counseling are discussed with emphasis on Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) and family counseling.",
keywords = "Adolescents, Cognitive distortion, Delinquent, Depression",
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T1 - Cognitive distortion as a predictor towards depression among delinquent adolescents

AU - Nasir, Rohany

AU - Ahmad Zamani, Zainah

AU - Khairudin, Rozainee

AU - Wan Sulaiman, Wan Shahrazad

AU - Nen, Salina

AU - Subhi, Nasrudin

PY - 2011/10

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N2 - Cognitive distortion as a reliable predictor to juvenile adolescents' depression is still debatable. Thus, it is the purpose of this study to examine the relationships of the five domains of cognitive distortion: self-critique, self-blame, helplessness, hopelessness, and preoccupation with danger with depression and to ascertain the predictive relationship between the five domains of cognitive distortion with depression. Participants were 30 male delinquent adolescents who participated in a youth development program. A set of questionnaires comprising of demographic background questions, Cognitive Distortion Scale (CDS) and Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale (RADS) measures the participants' background, cognitive distortion and depression, respectively. Results from the correlations and multiple regressions indicate positive relationships between all the domains of cognitive distortion and depression. Among the domains, helplessness and preoccupation with danger are significant predictors of depression. Implications to counseling are discussed with emphasis on Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) and family counseling.

AB - Cognitive distortion as a reliable predictor to juvenile adolescents' depression is still debatable. Thus, it is the purpose of this study to examine the relationships of the five domains of cognitive distortion: self-critique, self-blame, helplessness, hopelessness, and preoccupation with danger with depression and to ascertain the predictive relationship between the five domains of cognitive distortion with depression. Participants were 30 male delinquent adolescents who participated in a youth development program. A set of questionnaires comprising of demographic background questions, Cognitive Distortion Scale (CDS) and Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale (RADS) measures the participants' background, cognitive distortion and depression, respectively. Results from the correlations and multiple regressions indicate positive relationships between all the domains of cognitive distortion and depression. Among the domains, helplessness and preoccupation with danger are significant predictors of depression. Implications to counseling are discussed with emphasis on Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) and family counseling.

KW - Adolescents

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KW - Delinquent

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