Code switching among Malaysian primary school teachers in teaching english as a second language

Muhammad Mu az Bakthiar Chen, Nooreiny Maarof

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Teachers play an important role in delivering language lessons. Many teachers have been found to be using code switching as a tool in their English classrooms. Many studies pertaining to this issue have been conducted at the tertiary and secondary school levels. However, few studies have been conducted at the primary level, particularly in suburban or rural schools in Malaysia. This study was conducted to examine teachers' perception on the practice of code switching in the primary Malaysian ESL classroom and to identify the functions for the use of code switching. A total of 76 primary school English language teachers (English option and non-English option) from suburban and rural schools in Limbang, Sarawak were purposely selected to participate in this study. A survey questionnaire was used to gather the data from the participants. In addition, three English teachers were chosen to take part in the interview sessions to obtain more in-depth information on the use of code switching. The results of the study showed that a majority of the participants viewed code switching as a positive tool in teaching. However, 80.2% of the participants believed that teachers should minimise code switching in the ESL classroom. Teachers were found to practice code switching mainly to increase learner understanding of the subject matter and to help learners with low levels of English proficiency. While code switching may be a useful teaching tool in the ESL classroom, it needs to be limited to only certain situations and specific purposes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-39
Number of pages9
JournalMan in India
Volume97
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

primary school teacher
Teaching
teacher
language
classroom
rural school
Code-switching
English as a Second Language
Teaching English
Primary School Teachers
Malaysia
English language
primary school
secondary school
questionnaire
interview

Keywords

  • Bilingualism.
  • Code switching
  • ESL classrooms
  • Primary school teachers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • History

Cite this

Code switching among Malaysian primary school teachers in teaching english as a second language. / Chen, Muhammad Mu az Bakthiar; Maarof, Nooreiny.

In: Man in India, Vol. 97, No. 13, 2017, p. 31-39.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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