Clinical experience with reamed locked nails for close and open comminuted tibial diaphyseal fractures: a review of 50 consecutive cases.

M. Zainudin, M. Razak, Ya Mohamad Hassan Shukur

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Abstract

We present the results of our experience in treating comminuted tibial shaft fractures with reamed interlocking intramedullary nail from September 1993 to December 1995. In this retrospective study, there were fifty patients with an average follow-up of 14.3 months (range six to twenty-eight months). Ninety-eight percent of the fractures were due to motor-vehicle accident with majority of the patients being motorcyclist (96%). Thirty-eight fractures were closed and twelve were open (Gustilo grade I--8; grade II--4); 44% of them had additional fractures or other injuries. According to Winquist-Hansen classification of diaphyseal fracture comminution, there were 24% type I; 18% type II; 26% type III and 32% type IV. The union rate was 98%. There were 6 infections, 2 superficial and 4 deep. All these infections arose from closed fractures, which was possibly due to the long operative time. No patients with open fractures, which underwent delayed nailing, had infection. One of the patient had severe deep infection which required early nail removal before union. Anterior knee pain following nailing occurred in 6% of the patients. The average hospital stay after operation was 3.4 days. Ninety-four percent of the patients had excellent to good functional outcome after nailing. The mean time to regain full range of movement of knee and ankle was 8.4 weeks. Patients were allowed full weight bearing in the average time of 10.7 weeks and the mean time to return to work was 24.7 weeks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-67
Number of pages9
JournalMedical Journal of Malaysia
Volume55 Suppl C
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2000

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Tibial Fractures
Nails
Closed Fractures
Infection
Knee
Open Fractures
Return to Work
Weight-Bearing
Motor Vehicles
Operative Time
Ankle
Accidents
Length of Stay
Retrospective Studies
Pain
Wounds and Injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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Clinical experience with reamed locked nails for close and open comminuted tibial diaphyseal fractures : a review of 50 consecutive cases. / Zainudin, M.; Razak, M.; Shukur, Ya Mohamad Hassan.

In: Medical Journal of Malaysia, Vol. 55 Suppl C, 09.2000, p. 59-67.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "We present the results of our experience in treating comminuted tibial shaft fractures with reamed interlocking intramedullary nail from September 1993 to December 1995. In this retrospective study, there were fifty patients with an average follow-up of 14.3 months (range six to twenty-eight months). Ninety-eight percent of the fractures were due to motor-vehicle accident with majority of the patients being motorcyclist (96{\%}). Thirty-eight fractures were closed and twelve were open (Gustilo grade I--8; grade II--4); 44{\%} of them had additional fractures or other injuries. According to Winquist-Hansen classification of diaphyseal fracture comminution, there were 24{\%} type I; 18{\%} type II; 26{\%} type III and 32{\%} type IV. The union rate was 98{\%}. There were 6 infections, 2 superficial and 4 deep. All these infections arose from closed fractures, which was possibly due to the long operative time. No patients with open fractures, which underwent delayed nailing, had infection. One of the patient had severe deep infection which required early nail removal before union. Anterior knee pain following nailing occurred in 6{\%} of the patients. The average hospital stay after operation was 3.4 days. Ninety-four percent of the patients had excellent to good functional outcome after nailing. The mean time to regain full range of movement of knee and ankle was 8.4 weeks. Patients were allowed full weight bearing in the average time of 10.7 weeks and the mean time to return to work was 24.7 weeks.",
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