Clinical burden of invasive pneumococcal disease in selected developing countries

Namaitijiang Maimaiti, Zafar Ahmed, Zaleha Md Isa, Hasanain Faisal Ghazi, Syed Mohamed Al-Junid Syed Junid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To measure the clinical burden of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in selected developing countries. Methods: This is an extensive literature review of published articles on IPD in selected developing countries from East Asia, South Asia, Middle East, sub-Saharan Africa, and Latin America. We reviewed all the articles retrieved from the knowledge bases that were published between the years 2000 and 2010. Results: After applying the inclusion, exclusion, and quality criteria, the comprehensive review of the literature yielded 10 articles with data for pneumococcal meningitis, septicemia/bacteremia, and pneumonia. These selected articles were from 10 developing countries from five different regions. Out of the 10 selected articles, 8 have a detailed discussion on IPD, one of them has s detailed discussion on bacteremia and meningitis, and another one has discussed pneumococcal bacteremia. Out of these 10 articles, only 5 articles discussed the case-fatality ratio (CFR). In our article review, the incidence of IPD ranged from less than 5/100,000 to 416/100,000 population and the CFR ranged from 12.2% to 80% in the developing countries. Conclusions: The review demonstrated that the clinical burden of IPD was high in the developing countries. The incidence of IPD and CFR varies from region to region and from country to country. The IPD burden was highest in sub-Saharan African countries followed by South Asian countries. The CFR was low in high-income countries than in low-income countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-263
Number of pages5
JournalValue in Health Regional Issues
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2013

Fingerprint

Developing Countries
Bacteremia
Pneumococcal Meningitis
Middle East
Knowledge Bases
Far East
Latin America
Africa South of the Sahara
Incidence
Burden
Developing countries
Meningitis
Sepsis
Pneumonia
Fatality
Population

Keywords

  • Clinical burden
  • Developing countries
  • East Asia
  • IPD
  • Latin America
  • Middle East
  • South Asia
  • Sub-Saharan Africa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics (miscellaneous)
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Clinical burden of invasive pneumococcal disease in selected developing countries. / Maimaiti, Namaitijiang; Ahmed, Zafar; Md Isa, Zaleha; Ghazi, Hasanain Faisal; Syed Junid, Syed Mohamed Al-Junid.

In: Value in Health Regional Issues, Vol. 2, No. 2, 07.2013, p. 259-263.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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