Climate change and variability over Malaysia

Gaps in science and research information

Fredolin Tangang @ Tajudin Mahmud, Ju Neng Liew, Ester Salimun, Kwan Meng Sei, Loh Jui Le, Halimatun Muhamad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper provides an overview of the current available scientific knowledge pertaining to climate change and climate variability over Malaysia. Malaysia is situated in the western part of the Maritime Continent of the Southeast Asian region. Hence, regional climate change and climate variability over this region are of central importance to the understanding of climate change in Malaysia. The latest regional climate downscaling study indicates that, depending on the emission scenario, the mean surface temperature over Malaysia would increase by 3-5°C by the end of the 21 st century. The mean precipitation is projected to decrease (increase) during Northern Hemisphere winter (summer). However, future variabilities associated with regional phenomena such as the monsoon, El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) and Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) are largely unknown. Current knowledge on the intensity and frequency of future extreme events (drought and flood) is limited. This is also the case for regional sea level rise and long-term changes in regional seas, especially in the southern region of the South China Sea. We conclude that knowledge gap in the science of climate change over Malaysia and the surrounding region remains wide.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1355-1366
Number of pages12
JournalSains Malaysiana
Volume41
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012

Fingerprint

climate change
regional climate
Madden-Julian oscillation
downscaling
climate
extreme event
long-term change
El Nino-Southern Oscillation
Northern Hemisphere
monsoon
surface temperature
drought
science
winter
summer
sea level rise
Indian Ocean Dipole
continent
sea

Keywords

  • Climate change
  • Climate variability
  • Maritime Continent
  • Projection
  • Southeast Asia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Climate change and variability over Malaysia : Gaps in science and research information. / Tangang @ Tajudin Mahmud, Fredolin; Liew, Ju Neng; Salimun, Ester; Sei, Kwan Meng; Le, Loh Jui; Muhamad, Halimatun.

In: Sains Malaysiana, Vol. 41, No. 11, 11.2012, p. 1355-1366.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tangang @ Tajudin Mahmud, Fredolin ; Liew, Ju Neng ; Salimun, Ester ; Sei, Kwan Meng ; Le, Loh Jui ; Muhamad, Halimatun. / Climate change and variability over Malaysia : Gaps in science and research information. In: Sains Malaysiana. 2012 ; Vol. 41, No. 11. pp. 1355-1366.
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