Climate change and agricultural growth: An examination of the link in Malaysia

Wahid Murad, Rafiqul Islam Molla, Mazlin Mokhtar, Abdur Raquib

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify and analyze the link between climate change and agricultural growth in Malaysia, and pursue three subobjectives: to determine and analyze the link between agricultural growth rate and climate change score; to determine and analyze the link between per capita CO2 emissions and agricultural production index; and to determine and analyze the link between per capita agricultural production index and per capita CO2 emissions. Design/methodology/approach – Relevant time series data compiled from several online sources including the Germanwatch, Ministry of Finance, Malaysia, and the United Nations database were used. The data for agricultural growth rate and climate change score for Malaysia were found to be available only for the four recent years from 2006 to 2009. The data for other variables such as per capita agricultural production index and per capita CO2 emissions have been standardized covering the period from 1990 to 2004. The ordinary least squares methods were employed to estimate the parameters in the three linear regression models. Findings – The empirical results of the study reveal three important observations for Malaysia: the link between agricultural growth rate and climate change score is proven to be negative, but insignificant (p>0.1); the link between per capita CO2 emissions and agricultural production index is found to be direct and highly significant (p<0.01); and the link between per capita agricultural production index and per capita CO2 emissions is proven to be positive and highly significant (p<0.01). Also, an increasing level of per capita CO2 emissions in the country is proven to have both detrimental and beneficial effects on its agricultural growth. For instance, agricultural growth in Malaysia is found to produce significant effects on climate change, primarily through the production and release of CO2. Originality/value – The paper recommends that the twoway link between climate change and agricultural growth depends on the balance of the effects and that an indepth assessment of such effects might help the appropriate authority to anticipate the effects more accurately. The paper will be useful to researchers wishing to conduct research and develop models on the nexus between climate change and agriculture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)403-417
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Nov 2010

Fingerprint

Malaysia
climate change
agricultural production
examination
least squares method
United Nations
finance
ministry
time series
UNO
agriculture
index
effect
regression
methodology
Values

Keywords

  • Agriculture
  • Air pollution
  • Economic growth
  • Global warming
  • Malaysia
  • Productivity rate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Development

Cite this

Climate change and agricultural growth : An examination of the link in Malaysia. / Murad, Wahid; Islam Molla, Rafiqul; Mokhtar, Mazlin; Raquib, Abdur.

In: International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, Vol. 2, No. 4, 09.11.2010, p. 403-417.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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