Cleaner production implementation towards environmental quality improvement

Mohd Nizam Ab Rahman, Hernadewita, Baba Md Deros, Ahmad Rasdan Ismail

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sometimes the economic growth ignores the environment. As a result, the Asian Productivity Organisation (APO) had introduced the concept of cleaner production (CP) in the mid-1990s. CP can reduce cost, based on competitive advantage and environmental aspect approaches. The logic behind the CP practices are to: reduce, reuse, recycle, reproduce and recovery (i.e., 5R). They are basic requirements for producing high quality products and services, with little or zero waste, while maintaining high levels of product competitiveness. This paper presents the results of CP implementation survey conducted among Indonesian SMEs. Out of 54 companies, 28 companies (51.85%) were applying CP in their environmental protection; 6 companies (11.11%) were applying 3R (reduce, reuse, recycle); 11 companies (20.37%) go for reduce and reuse (2R) only; and 9 companies (16.67%) were practicing one R only in reducing their material usage in production line. The authors also found that 1 company (1.85%) had reduced 70% of their production cost by decreased rework, waste and energy saving contributed to the environment. The main finding from the study showed that CP activities provide environmental improvement which is crucial for the CP implementation and it contribute competitive advantage in Indonesian SMEs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-194
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Scientific Research
Volume30
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Fingerprint

cleaner production
Quality Improvement
cleaners
environmental quality
Costs and Cost Analysis
Economic Development
Conservation of Natural Resources
Organizations
Reuse
Small and Medium-sized Enterprises
Industry
zero wastes
reworks
Rework
environmental protection
production cost
Production Line
economic development
Economic Growth
Competitiveness

Keywords

  • Cleaner production practices
  • Continuous improvement
  • Indonesia
  • Waste management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Cleaner production implementation towards environmental quality improvement. / Ab Rahman, Mohd Nizam; Hernadewita; Md Deros, Baba; Ismail, Ahmad Rasdan.

In: European Journal of Scientific Research, Vol. 30, No. 2, 2009, p. 187-194.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ab Rahman, Mohd Nizam ; Hernadewita ; Md Deros, Baba ; Ismail, Ahmad Rasdan. / Cleaner production implementation towards environmental quality improvement. In: European Journal of Scientific Research. 2009 ; Vol. 30, No. 2. pp. 187-194.
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